A visit to Mount Rushmore, that familiar rock sculpture in South Dakota's Black Hills, is a lot like reading an 80-year-old history book. Interesting, but dated. It's a chronicle of the American experience, but ends just as the 20th century opens. Now, as the 20th century fades away, the time is ripe to bring this unique historic panorama up to date.
Like a national scrapbook, each of the four Mount Rushmore presidents represents a distinct era in America's history.
In the 1920s Rushmore's sculptor, Gutzon Borglum, single-handedly chose his subjects. To Borglum, George Washington, symbolized the nation's ``foundation,'' Thomas Jefferson its ``expansion'' westward, and Abraham Lincoln a lasting reminder of the ``permanence'' of our republic. Borglum saw in Theodore Roosevelt America's early 20th century development in domestic and foreign affairs.