Gaglianese, 63, who owns and operates Alfio's Restaurant in Glenside, has turned his Caesar salad-making into a very personal art form. These are not simply Caesar salads he makes. They are table-side Caesar salads. And he promises to give us easy-to-follow instructions to make this classic.
These days he's incorporated a bit of magic into an already theatrical presentation that includes flipping a peppermill end-over-end and catching it with the same hand as easily as most people look at a wrist watch.
``See this napkin?'' Gaglianese is showing a maroon linen napkin to a pair of diners for whom he's making Caesar salad. He holds it up by the corners and offers a view of the front and back. It is just a plain napkin. Nothing tricky here.
He snaps the napkin with a flourish, and then, with just a bit of it showing through his fist, he gives a gentle squeeze. To the wide-eyed amazement of the diners, a stream of lemon juice rains magically into the salad bowl.
Not something that you want to attempt at home.
Gaglianese has been making Caesar salad since he came to this country from Calabria, via Argentina, in 1966. He's now halfway through his sixth salad bowl, so in salad years, that would mean he came here about 150,000 Caesar salads ago.
``Yes,'' Gaglianese says with a smile, ``that would be about right. In the beginning I didn't make as many salads as I did later on. When I was maitre d' at DaVinci's, in the '70s, I was doing 30 or 40 during the week. On Friday and Saturday I'd make 200 each night.''
DaVinci Restaurant, a long-ago city landmark near 20th and Walnut Streets, gave Gaglianese his first job as a waiter in this country. He had waited on tables a short while in Argentina, after deciding that apprenticing as a bricklayer was not for him.
``My hands were dirty all the time,'' he recalls. ``I was shy to show my hands, but my brother was a waiter and his hands were always clean. So I decided the restaurant business would be best for me.''
Gaglianese had gotten a recipe for Caesar salad from another waiter who had managed to wrest it from a maitre d' in Peru. ``He gave it to me when he went to California. I have been making Caesar salad according to that recipe without any changes all these years.''
He admits to trying innovations, but remains loyal to his original.
``It's the best,'' he says. ``I tried using balsamic vinegar once, not for customers, but just for myself, as a test, but it didn't work. It didn't taste right and it stained the bowl.
``I still use a raw egg. I let the customers know that I use a raw egg, because many people are afraid now of raw eggs. If they don't want me to use it, I don't. I've never known anyone to become ill.''
Gaglianese says the egg is important to the salad. It is what holds the ingredients together and gives the dressing its best texture.
(The USDA says don't use any eggs in recipes that are not going to be cooked. Don't use them in Caesar salad, egg nog or Hollandaise sauce. There are products on the market, such as pasteurized eggs, that are safe to use. Otherwise, says Diane Vann, of the USDA Meat and Poultry Hotline, the yolk has to be heated to 160 degrees to be safe from salmonella bacteria.)
``There are many things that might seem unimportant, but they work to make the perfect salad. You never use a steel blade to cut the romaine leaves. Never, ever put anchovies on top of the salad. The anchovy must be blended into the dressing. This way,'' he says, ``you go from the first bite to the last without any change in the taste. You want the flavor to be consistent. And always use anchovy fillets, never anchovy paste.''
The Caesar salad, according to published accounts, was created in Tijuana, Mexico, nearly 60 years ago at the downtown Caesar Hotel and restaurant, which had been built and was operated by the Italian Caesar Cardini. He developed a dressing that became a favorite of his customers. As business boomed, he was joined by his brother Alex, a World War I Italian air force ace. In a tribute to the pilots at a San Diego, Calif., air base, Alex took his brother's salad dressing, modified it with other ingredients and called it Aviator's Salad.
Soon, the story goes, the popular, often-copied dish became internationally known simply as Caesar Salad.
Traditionally, the salad was prepared from scratch at the customer's table. That formality, however, was phased out at the restaurant, except on demand. Also, as time went on, the dressing was made in large quantities.
The original recipe called for anchovies, but eventually they were left out because they were too salty.
It seems possible that Gaglianese's recipe is closer to the original than what the salad became.
``Well,'' says Gaglianese, ``I really don't like to say anything bad about other people, but I saw [Cardini's] daughter make it on television one time and she put the lettuce in before the egg. That's not right. I never changed it from day one. I keep it the same. That's what people expect, which is another reason I won't do the balsamic vinegar.''
At this point, I asked Gaglianese if he would make a salad for two and explain each step. Here's how it went:
``Use four romaine leaves per person. Healthy, good-sized ones. Wash and shake them dry. Put them on a plate and cover them with a damp linen napkin. Put them in the refrigerator for a couple of hours. This will keep them fresh and crispy.
``Now you make the dressing first,'' he says, giving the 25-pound salad bowl a twirl and watching it spin in place atop the salad cart. ``See, it spins but doesn't move,'' Gaglianese points out proudly. ``I used to use a lighter bowl, but if I would spin it, it would walk all over the tables.
``First, we put half a large clove of garlic, some salt and grind some pepper in the bowl. Mash it with a fork and spoon.''
Gaglianese uses a metal fork and spoon for this, holding the spoon on top of the fork in his right hand, and crushing the garlic against the bowl, working in a circular motion.
``Now you add four anchovy fillets and continue to mash them into a paste with the fork and spoon. Then, if you are using it, add the egg. Like I said, this holds the dressing together better. Now a half-teaspoon dry mustard and the juice of half a lemon. Keep moving and blending everything together.
``Add three drops of red wine vinegar and four tablespoons of good olive oil. Keep mixing with the fork and spoon and spread the dressing around the salad bowl.''
I notice that at this point the fork is on top of the spoon, which is working against the bowl.
``Oh yes,'' Gaglianese says. ``In the beginning, with the garlic you want the fork against the bowl. The fork helps break and crush the garlic. Now you want the spoon against the bowl. It will blend and smooth the ingredients together.''
The master lifts up the bowl and twirls it a bit, causing the dressing to spread out in a thin layer.
``Next, you can break the lettuce with your hands or put it in the bowl and break it with a wooden fork and spoon. Incorporate it with the dressing, add plain, toasted croutons, about a cupful, some grated Romano or Parmesan, mix one more time and serve.''
Watching the 154-pound Gaglianese toss around a 25-pound salad bowl was almost as interesting as the salad-making. Equally as interesting, Gaglianese told me he eats a couple of gallons of ice cream a week, along with cake, and has gained only six pounds in 30 years.
``I like just vanilla. Some times with whipped cream and chocolate syrup. The only times I didn't eat that much ice cream was when I was working for someone else. They wouldn't give me that much.''
As for his cholesterol:
``No problem. Last time I had it checked, a couple of years ago, it was fine. But then, I eat a lot of salad, too.''
Nutritional data per serving: Calories, 386; protein, 10 grams; carbohydrates, 15 grams; fat, 33 grams; cholesterol, 116 milligrams; sodium, 611 milligrams.