Supporters of Joshua Fattal, Shane Bauer, and Sarah Shourd - American hikers arrested July 31, 2009, and accused of entering Iran illegally - marked the anniversary of their detention Saturday with a rally emphasizing the psychological effects of their open-ended incarceration.
"Being imprisoned in a foreign culture without a sense of duration" is intolerable, Philadelphia psychologist David Goodwin told 75 demonstrators on Independence Mall.
Many wore small white ribbons. Some stood behind picture frames decorated to look like cell bars.
Fattal, 28, a 2000 graduate of Cheltenham High School, Bauer, 28, of Minnesota, and Shourd, 31, of California, met as students at the University of California, Berkeley. They were vacationing in a resort area of northern Iraqi Kurdistan when Iranian border guards arrested them. Iran accuses them of espionage but has not charged them with any crime.