Despite its title, Waste Land, which opened Friday at the Ritz at the Bourse - and which played at the Philadelphia Film Festival and Sundance (an Audience Award-winner), and was recently short-listed for Oscar consideration - is anything but bleak. Muniz, an acclaimed artist who works with nontraditional materials, had the idea to "paint" the catadores using the garbage they collect. He is a spirited figure who not only engaged his subjects, but also recruited them as collaborators. And the people he found in the Jardim Gramacho - one of the largest landfills in the world - are nothing if not resilient. With horrible hard-luck stories to tell, they face the world with dignity and hope, even as they troll the apocalyptic rubble of a society's excess.
"In the film, Vik talks about how, when you're far away, you can't see the smiles on people as you can when you're up close," says Walker, who shows Muniz flying over the Rio landfill in a helicopter and then tracks him traipsing through the debris, interviewing the workers.
"And that's the human factor," she says. "The idea of getting close and far away in the same scene."
If 2010 has been a great year for documentaries (and it has, from The Pat Tillman Story to Restrepo to Inside Job to Marwencol to Client 9), it's been doubly great for Walker. The New York University-trained director had two titles at the Sundance Film Festival in January, and both have found their way to art houses. Countdown to Zero (which played here this summer) traces the history of nuclear weapons, from their World War II origins to their proliferation today. It's not a film to watch if you want a good night's sleep: rogue nations, mad despots, terrorists - ka-boom.
"When I was not sleeping because I was working so hard, I was not sleeping because of what I was reading about and being told - it was horrifying," Walker says. "It was a very challenging time. I always joke that the next [documentary] I'll choose will be about good times and chocolate, but I'm not sure."
Walker grew up in London. She studied at Oxford University, where she began directing theater. She won a Fulbright to attend NYU's graduate film program, where she mentored under Russian director Boris Frumin (his catchphrase: "Lyrical! Make it lyrical!"). Also in her class: Debra Granik, director of Winter's Bone.
While Walker lived and studied in New York, her family was in Philadelphia. Her father was head of K'Nex, the construction-toy company. "I used to come here all the time," she said, back again in October, in an Old City coffee bar, when Waste Land screened at the film festival. She was also here in 2002, when her documentary Devil's Playground - about Amish teens and their wild and crazy rite of passage, rumspringa - played at festivals and in theaters.
Her documentary Blindsight - released just before she headed to Rio to chronicle Muniz's ambitious project and the people in it - followed six sight-impaired Tibetan adolescents as they scaled Mount Everest.
"I think there's a real continuity with Devil's Playground and Blindsight in that these films took me to amazing places, to meet amazing people. And coming of age as an Amish person, or climbing a mountain in Blindsight, or doing this art project with Vik and the catadores, they've all been fascinating. . . .
"And then, I guess for a little light diversion, I did this nuclear-winter film, a real humorous detour," she jokes.
"But this is an exciting time for documentaries. . . . We can take the cameras anywhere now, and meet people and just figure out what life is about, what it has to offer."
Although Walker hasn't decided what she'll document next, it's safe to guess that it won't be about "good times and chocolate." That doesn't seem in her nature.
"Sometimes you feel like a wildlife photographer," says the filmmaker. "If you're quiet and you let the situation play out, then the truth just will express itself. The forces that are there . . . all the deep negotiations and concerns will just erupt if you're quiet enough. Wait for the bird to fly by. . . . The truth is there. You've just got to wait and catch it."
Yuletide 'toons. Secret Cinema curator Jay Schwartz mounts his final event of the year Friday at Moore College of Art and Design: "Cartoon Christmas," a program of rare and terrific animated shorts, from the '30s through the '60s, all with a holiday theme.
The vintage cartoons hail from the likes of trailblazing animators Friz Freleng, Hugh Harman, Seymour Kneitel, Wilfred Jackson, and William Hanna and Joe Barbera. Like all Secret Cinema programs, the films will be shown on 16mm prints, not DVD or video. Some of the prints, says Schwartz, are in vivid dye-transfer Technicolor.
Two highlights: "Peace On Earth," a 1939 title from Harman that Schwartz describes as "one of darkest and most unusual cartoons ever released by a major studio," in which "a wise old grandfather squirrel teaches his curious grandchildren about the evils of men - a . . . race that has slaughtered itself into extinction."
And Gumby creator Art Clokey's clay-animated Davey & Goliath: Christmas Lost & Found, an early-1960s entry from the Saturday-morning TV series in which "sourpuss Davey searches his town in desperation for the true Christmas spirit, finding little consolation even in the antics of his lovable dog, Goliath."
Schwartz also promises to reprise a few live-action and puppet shorts from his 2004 "Creepy Christmas Films" program. For information, go to www.thesecretcinema.com or call Moore College of Art and Design, 215-965-4099. The show starts at 8 p.m. Admission is $7.
Contact movie critic Steven Rea at 215-854-5629 or firstname.lastname@example.org. Read his blog, "On Movies Online," at http://www.philly.com/philly/blogs/onmovies/.