Now, with new HIV cases among city teens and young adults up 40 percent over three years - rates of other sexually transmitted diseases are rising too - public health officials are seeking to jump-start talk about safe sex in any way they can.
Designed with young people in mind: A website (www.takecontrolphilly.org, with free online ordering), a Facebook page, and GPS-enabled iPhone app to get you to the nearest of more than 100 distribution sites.
The Freedom Condom - chosen by online voting after the city invited entiries for a wrapper design contest - headlines a broader prevention campaign. It will include more education about sexually transmitted diseases and stepped-up efforts to find and treat infected teens, their partners, and even others in their "sexual network," officials said, although few details were available.
"I do believe that abstinence is a good theory," Schwarz said in an interview. "In the meantime, a lot of kids are going to be put in harm's way if we don't find a way to make sex safer."
He acknowledged, however, that a condom campaign alone would not solve the problem, calling it a "necessary but not sufficient" part of the equation.
While access to condoms may help, experts say that many teenage boys, perhaps even more than men, object to how they feel. And girls often do not push the issue.
"I don't know if there is a single answer to it," said 21-year-old Brittany Langford, reflecting on why she barely asked guys to wear a condom during the three years that she was moving from shelter to shelter, often having sex for money or a place to stay.
Fear was a big part of it, she said. "I didn't want them to think I was infected."
Langford, who said she managed, against the odds, not to get infected with any STDs, is now finishing her studies at Community College of Philadelphia and living in the Northeast with her fiance; their baby is due in June.
Her life was very different four years ago, when she spotted a flier for "free food" and showed up at the Youth Health Empowerment Project (Y-HEP) on North Broad Street, where she spoke about her experiences the other day. For six months, she came by only for food, clothing, and tokens, all free.
"Then I started talking and really asking for help," she said. Eventually she helped lead group discussions about STDs and HIV, with the candid talk more often than not turning into exercises on trust, patience, and power.
Langford's experience illustrates the limits of condoms as a prevention strategy.
"Part of it is to get these kids to realize that they do have a future and that if they get HIV and have unplanned pregnancies that these can interfere with their ability to achieve their future goals," said John B. Jemmott 3d, who studies HIV prevention here and in South Africa.
Jemmott, a professor of communication and psychiatry at the University of Pennsylvania, last year published one of the few studies to find clear evidence that abstinence education helped delay teen sex. The program focused on far more than abstinence, and included discussions about peer pressure, decision-making, dreams, and goals.
It examined when teens begin to have sex, not specifically STD prevention.
"Unfortunately, if there was a simple answer then those of us who work with youth every day and those who work in public health would have figured it out," said Nadia Dowshen, a pediatrician who specializes in HIV-positive youth at Children's Hospital of Philadelphia.
"When I see youths in the office, a lot of what we focus on is communication skills and talking more about relationships in general," Dowshen said. It is a cost-effective approach considering the expense of treating someone with HIV for life, she said, but no public health department has the money to individually counsel an entire teenage population.
The condom campaign is a relative bargain: $30,000 for the first run of 200,000 custom-labeled packages, with that and the remaining expenses for an expected distribution of one million condoms paid by a federal grant.
Dowshen is particularly pleased that the new campaign is "meeting youth where they are at, literally, in terms of technology."
Just last week, she presented at a medical conference the results of her own pilot study showing that simple daily text messages - chosen personally but sent automatically - helped HIV-positive young people stick to their daily regimen of antiretroviral drugs.
The city's new website cannot send text messages, at least not yet, but it quickly found an audience. The first online order came in just minutes after the site went live Thursday morning, well before it was announced, officials said; 30 more had come in by 4:15 p.m.
From the city's perspective, this was not a moment too soon.
More than 30 percent of girls and 12 percent of boys test positive for at least one STD over the course of their high school career. Infectious syphilis, gonorrhea, and chlamydia all have been rising rapidly in teens and young adults.
A recent health department analysis of screening data going back 10 years determined that a youth who tests positive for any of them is 2.5 to 3 times more likely to contract HIV than one who tests negative.
"I am worried that we are going to see an increase of newly diagnosed HIV cases in youth," said Kathleen A. Brady, medical director of the city's AIDS Activities Coordinating Office.
The city lost $2 million in state prevention money during the last year of Gov. Ed Rendell's administration. Schwarz, the health commissioner, said that there had been no further cuts proposed - so far - by Gov. Corbett or the Obama administration.
He added: "We believe that with an increased number of cases we are going to need more funding. That we don't have."
At Thursday's news conference, Mayor Nutter introduced Michael Bodenberger, the 23-year-old IT worker who designed the winning wrapper, and handed him a (wrapped) Freedom Condom.
Nutter's participation underscored the importance that the city is placing on the prevention campaign. But that was not the only reason he stood at the front of the room.
During recent high school screening for STDs, city health workers surveyed about 500 students on various aspects of the campaign. A slogan - "Why Risk It?" - came out of that survey.
The students were also asked who would be influential in promoting a condom campaign. The question was open-ended.
"Number 1 was [actor] Will Smith. Number 2 was Michael Nutter," said Schwarz. "I was blown away."
The Freedom Condom
Introducing the new Philadelphia prophylactic
What: The Philly brand is only the wrapper. Inside the initial run of 200,000 is a LifeStyle Ultra Thin Lubricated condom; an Okamoto condom will eventually replace it.
How many: At least one million are planned. The city will continue giving out major-brand labeled condoms.
Where they are: The new condoms will be distributed at more than 100 locations around the city; an estimated 20,000 were stocked at 20 sites Thursday night. They may also be ordered, with mail delivery at no charge, at www.takecontrolphilly.org, which also has a locator map.
Who pays: The condoms are free. A federal prevention grant is paying for them.
How it was chosen
Why a contest: Copying a successful effort by New York City, Philadelphia decided to hold a condom art contest to find a design that would be unique to the city and also spark renewed interest in condoms.
Who decided: A panel of judges - designers, educators, prevention workers - chose five finalists from among 107 entries that were submitted online.
The vote: A total of 3,169 ballots were cast online. Michael Bodenberger's Freedom Condom won easily with 43 percent of the vote. The other finalists were city residents Ted Czyzewski (Use This Condom), Robert Dieters (Use Your Head! - Condoms Work!), Carissa Katz (Do Me First), and Cristian Morales (Rubber Duck).
Meet the designer
Michael Bodenberger: Self-taught, 23, lives in Northern Liberties; works in IT but wants to go into marketing.
His vision: "I wanted to create a simple message that would resonate through our community, and would have some historical merit as well."
"I thought this was a great opportunity to help out the community as well as build upon my marketing credentials."
Does he practice safe sex? "All the time," he says, even though he has been with his girlfriend since 2005.
- Don Sapatkin
Contact staff writer Don Sapatkin at 215-854-2617 or firstname.lastname@example.org.