The defense team argued that Fumo, 68, deserved a break because of his age, health, legislative effectiveness, and charitable works, and Buckwalter agreed on the latter two points.
Before Buckwalter imposed his new sentence, Fumo took center stage in the courtroom with an hourlong, often rambling statement bemoaning the daily indignities of prison and the lack of contact with his family.
"I am tired. I am depressed. All I want is peace," Fumo said. "It's not Club Fed. It's not an easy thing to do."
Fumo apologized for his ragged appearance, for the ordeal his family has faced, for being "weak" and abusing drugs and alcohol, and for saying "bad things" about his enemies in a trove of angry e-mails from prison. He complained about the $4 million he has spent paying his lawyers.
What he did not apologize for were the acts that led him to stand before Buckwalter in an olive prison jumpsuit.
Buckwalter joked with Fumo at one point when the South Philadelphia native said he had had a hard time getting used to country music in his rural Kentucky prison, but later had sharp words for him.
He called Fumo arrogant, greedy, and less than truthful, and said he lacked "a true sense of remorse" and had a "complete lack of respect for our legal framework."
But Buckwalter said Fumo had been an unusually effective legislator and had presented convincing evidence of charitable work.
As he did in 2009, when he sentenced Fumo to 55 months, Buckwalter noted that the former senator had not been accused of bribery, extortion, or a crime of violence.
Buckwalter also said the prosecution, led by Assistant U.S. Attorneys John J. Pease and Robert A. Zauzmer, had overstepped Justice Department guidelines by charging Fumo with so many counts.
He contended that "unfairness" had led reporters and the public to exaggerate Fumo's wrongdoing and fueled the widespread complaints over his 2009 sentence.
That brought a sharp retort from U.S. Attorney Zane D. Memeger, who took office after Fumo's conviction.
"There are no second thoughts on the 137 counts," Memeger said during a news conference after the resentencing. There "could have been more."
Further legal action, however, appears unlikely. Though Memeger said prosecutors would review the court record, he also said, "There comes a time when finality is needed."
He acknowledged that prosecutors were disappointed at the new sentence, but also said, "61 months in prison is a long time."
"At the end of the day, we're all going home to our families," Memeger told reporters. "Vince Fumo is not."
Fumo, a Democratic power in Philadelphia and Harrisburg for three decades, was convicted of using his state Senate aides as personal servants and political operatives for more than a decade. He also defrauded a South Philadelphia civic improvement group, Citizens Alliance, which he funded with state money and $17 million from Peco Energy Co. And he took $135,000 worth of illegal trips on yachts owned or leased by the Independence Seaport Museum on Penn's Landing.
The jury also found that Fumo staged a cover-up to try to thwart the FBI, which included having a computer expert try to wipe hard drives of incriminating e-mails.
Fumo's crimes cost taxpayers and the two nonprofit groups $4 million, the government said.
In court, Pease blasted Fumo, saying he had attacked democracy by illegally building a political machine with taxpayer money.
"He's a thief, utterly dishonest to the core," Pease said.
But Dennis J. Cogan, Fumo's lead defense lawyer, said Fumo had been the victim of a "media circus." He also pointed out that prosecutors had at one point offered Fumo a deal in which he would serve no more than five years in return for a guilty plea, a point that Buckwalter also made.
As the judge delivered the new sentence, Fumo showed little emotion. He was led away in handcuffs shortly afterward and will be returned to a federal prison. His fiancée, Carolyn Zinni, smiled broadly outside the courtroom.
With time off for good behavior, Fumo is now on track to leave prison in early 2014, at age 70. He remains a wealthy man; federal prosecutors said in court he had a net worth of $11.2 million at the time of his conviction.
Though federal advisory guidelines called for a 171/2-year sentence for Fumo, Buckwalter said that did not fit the crimes.
He noted that Corey Kemp, a corrupt former Philadelphia treasurer, was sentenced to 10 years in prison and former City Councilman Rick Mariano to 71/2.
"None of these cases are comparable" to Fumo's, he said, because both Kemp and Mariano faced extortion charges.
Buckwalter said that despite letters demanding a lengthier sentence, he would not respond to "public outrage." He also said the letters calling for a tougher sentence had not include a rationale.
Though Fumo's charitable acts "neither justify nor excuse his crimes," they did justify a variance from the guidelines, Buckwalter said.
The judge said e-mails Fumo wrote from prison gave him pause. The e-mails, released this month by the government, portrayed the politician, who had a mansion on Green Street and political roots in South Philadelphia, as despairing and unrepentant.
In particular, Buckwalter said he was upset that Fumo had lashed out at his jury and called its members "corrupt" and "stupid."
Fumo told Buckwalter he was shocked his e-mails had surfaced in court.
He said he had thought the government was only watching for someone plotting an escape or a crime - not venting.
"I never ever would have dreamed that they would have been published," he said.
"Yes, I'm angry. Yes, I'm depressed," he said, adding, "And now to all those people who I may have said bad things about, I apologize."
Fumo was represented at the hearing by local lawyers Cogan and Peter Goldberger and by Samuel Buffone, a post-convictions expert from Washington.
After the resentencing, Cogan praised Buckwalter's handling of the case.
Cogan said Fumo might have emerged with no additional time if it hadn't been for his e-mails.
Excerpts from Inquirer staff writer Craig McCoy's live blog from the second and final day of former State Sen. Vincent J. Fumo's sentencing hearing in U.S. District Court in Philadelphia.
8:59 a.m.: The defense team consists of area lawyers Dennis Cogan and Peter Goldberger, and post-conviction expert Samuel Buffone.
The lead prosecutors here, at the main table, are John J. Pease and Robert A. Zauzmer. Watching them from the front row is . . . U.S. Attorney Zane Memeger.
9:01: Fumo is now present. Again, he is wearing an olive prison jumpsuit over a brown T-shirt.
9:02: Judge Ronald L. Buckwalter has arrived.
9:08: Pease has begun. He says Fumo deserves no break whatsoever for his health issues. In fact, he says, Fumo's health "has only improved" since he was imprisoned in Kentucky in 2009.
9:08: Buckwalter says Fumo has an "unusual" number of illnesses. They include heart issues, diabetes, back pain, neurological issues, depression, and anxiety.
9:22: Buckwalter says he thinks the government charged Fumo with too many counts. "I don't think that's fair," the judge said.
9:24: As for substance, Pease said, Fumo "robbed" the public of "fair elections."
Buckwalter says he agrees with that.
9:40: Pease says the advisory guidelines call now for Fumo to receive between 210 and 262 months in prison.
10:06: "His age and health are serious sentencing factors" that must be taken into account, [defense lawyer] Buffone said.
10:15: [Defense lawyer] Cogan says the case has been "especially difficult" for many people, including Fumo, "the people who love him who know him as he really is."
10:41 Buckwalter interjects a comment about his initial calculation of the guidelines two years ago.
"Quite frankly, I goofed on the guidelines. I wish I didn't."
10:56: Buckwalter says Fumo was repeatedly warned that his e-mail was not private. He says it was "one of the dumbest things" he had seen a defendant do. But, he says, the e-mail releases didn't affect his opinion of Fumo, which he added wasn't that high to begin with.
11:42: Fumo just stood up to talk.
11:55: "I am tired, I am depressed, all I want is peace," Fumo says.
12:03 p.m.: Fumo says his biggest offense at prison is "too many books. You're allowed five; I have more."
12:08: As for his e-mails, Fumo says he thought he would only lose his privacy if the e-mails had something to do with committing a crime or planning an escape. "I never ever would have dreamed that they would have been published," he said.
12:29: He said he has paid his entire legal team more $4 million.
12:38: "I'm not perfect, and, yes, at the peak of my power, I was one tough son of a bitch. But, you know, in Harrisburg, no one's walking around with togas and sandals, talking philosophy."
3:18: Buckwalter said the taxpayers were victims here. But the judge notes that Fumo has paid considerable restitution.
3:33: Fumo helped create hospitals for the poor, saved the Civil War Library, and helped the Food Distribution Center. Plus, the judge said, he got 250 letters from people who said he had done many good works.
3:53: While Fumo had no excuse for many times when he used aides as servants, in some cases the aides did personal work that let Fumo perform his legislative job more effectively, the judge says.
4:10: As for the new Fumo e-mails, he says they have given him "the most pause." He says he did not care for the government's "snooping," but that the government had a legal right to them.
The judge says he is most upset at how Fumo lashed out at his jury.
4:12: Finally, Buckwalter imposes a sentence of 61 months, six more than his previous sentence.
BLOG EXCERPTS, A18.
"I am tired. I am
depressed. All I want is peace." Ex-State Sen.
Vincent J. Fumo to Judge Ronald L. Buckwalter, who said Fumo lacked
"A true sense of remorse" and had a "complete lack of respect for our legal framework."
Contact staff writer Nathan Gorenstein at 215-854-2797 or firstname.lastname@example.org.