FEMA is expected to mail out roughly 90,000 letters next week to tell disaster victims they may be eligible for debt waivers. The recipients will have 60 days to respond and request a waiver.
Last year, the agency sent out debt notices to try to recover more than $385 million it says was improperly paid to victims of Hurricanes Katrina, Rita, and Wilma in 2005.
People are eligible for waivers if their household adjusted gross income on their most recent federal tax return was less than $90,000 and a FEMA error was solely responsible for the improper payment. The improper payment can't involve any fraud or misrepresentation by the recipient. The waiver applies only to disasters declared between Aug. 28, 2005 - the day before Katrina's landfall - and the end of 2010.
In their responses to the waiver letter, disaster victims must explain why collecting the debt would cause them "serious financial hardship," FEMA says. Recipients also must specify how they spent the money and why they can't return the funds to FEMA.
In December, Congress approved legislation that lets FEMA waive many of the debts. Before President Obama signed it into law, FEMA had said it was required to make an effort to recover improper payments, even if the recipient wasn't at fault.
Sen. Mary Landrieu (D., La.), who was one of the provision's sponsors, praised FEMA for "moving swiftly and aggressively" to implement a waiver plan.
She said in a statement, "To have forced people who experienced great tragedy to pay large sums of money back to the government because of someone else's mistake would have been incredibly unfair."