Carter was a minus-1 for the Kings in his return to the city where he played for just 8 months. He was lustily booed whenever he touched the puck by a crowd of 14,306.
Mark Letestu scored twice in the Blue Jackets' fourth straight win, only the second two-goal game of his career.
Meanwhile, the Kings lost a game they badly needed in the tight battle for the last playoff spot in the West.
In other games:
* At Newark, Ilya Kovalchuk recorded his second hat trick in just over 3 weeks to lead the New Jersey Devils to a 5-1 victory over the New York Islanders.
* At Boston, David Krejci scored for the fifth time in the last five games and the Bruins won consecutive games for the first time in almost 2 months with a 3-1 victory against the Buffalo Sabres.
* At Washington, Alex Ovechkin scored on a wrist shot at 4:09 of overtime, and the Capitals came back to beat the Tampa Bay Lightning, 3-2, snapping a three-game losing streak.
* At Ottawa, Ben Bishop made 25 saves in his home debut with the Senators, who beat the Eastern Conference-leading New York Rangers, 4-1.
* At St. Louis, Patrik Berglund scored the go-ahead goal in the third period and Jaroslav Halak made 24 saves for his career-high seventh straight win to lead the Blues to a 3-1 victory over the Anaheim Ducks.
* At Nashville, Sergei Kostitsyn scored at 19:28 of the second period, and the Predators held off the Colorado Avalanche, 4-2.
* At Dallas, Tomas Vincour scored in the final minute of regulation, and then added the lone goal of the shootout in the fifth round to give the Stars a 4-3 victory over the San Jose Sharks.
* At Glendale, Ariz., Erik Christensen scored the decisive goal in the shootout to give the Minnesota Wild a 3-2 win over the Phoenix Coyotes.
* At Edmonton, Max Pacioretty had two goals and an assist as the Montreal Canadiens topped the Oilers, 5-3.
* At Vancouver, Samuel Pahlsson scored late in the third period as the Canucks held on for a 3-2 win over the Winnipeg Jets.