American Express removed its gift cards from New Jersey last week. As of Monday, the only way for New Jersey consumers to buy AmEx gift cards, which can be used practically anywhere, is directly from the company online.
Blackhawk supplies 175 gift card brands to 1,300 New Jersey retailers, primarily groceries.
InComm supplies 2,500 retail locations with gift cards for such brands as Visa, MasterCard, iTunes, Macy's, and Subway.
"The passage and potential implementation of these legal changes have caused significant uncertainty for New Jersey consumers and retailers," said Blackhawk president Talbott Roche. "As it stands now, Blackhawk Network and its retail partners do not have a cost-effective way to record data from gift-card purchasers or their ultimate gift recipients."
Similarly, Brooks Smith, InComm president and chief executive officer, said the company could not ensure compliance with the law because its cards are sold through third parties.
"We unfortunately have no choice but to remove all our gift cards and gift-card destinations from retail locations in the state of New Jersey," Smith said in a statement.
The state saw unused gift cards, travelers' checks, and money orders as potential new revenue sources, projecting $79 million for the 2011 fiscal year. However, retailers sued following enactment of that year's budget, so most of the potential income has yet to be realized.
A federal judge temporarily suspended the collection of zip codes, but lifted the injunction last month. The case is pending.
"We're surprised they would take this step before the rules on the collection of zip codes had even been published or put into place," said Treasury spokesman Andy Pratt following InComm's announcement.
Pratt said the modifications to the unclaimed-property law protect consumers from a variety of gift-card-issuer misdeeds, including deflating the value of dormant cards and charging reactivation fees. He also said by claiming unused balances, the state can prevent card issuers from receiving "windfall profits."
However, Roche said Blackhawk's cards carry no expiration dates or dormancy fees, so customers are already entitled to the funds on their cards indefinitely.
Shoppers would still be able to redeem a card after two years if it had not expired. But if the state has already laid claim to the money, businesses might have to jump through administrative hoops to get reimbursement - and therefore stop selling gift cards altogether to avoid the hassle.