Part of the U.S.-led coalition's exit strategy is to gradually transfer security responsibility to Afghan forces by the end of 2014 when most international troops will have left or moved into support roles. Another goal is to pull the Taliban and other groups into political discussions with the Afghan government.
The 70-plus members of the Afghan High Peace Council chose Rabbani, an ethnic Tajik and former ambassador to Turkey, to lead the group, according to a statement released by President Hamid Karzai's office. Rabbani is the son of former President Burhanuddin Rabbani, who was killed Sept. 20, 2011, at his Kabul home by a suicide bomber posing as a Taliban peace emissary.
The assassination dealt a major blow to the peace effort, and the election of the younger Rabbani nearly seven months later was a clear signal of the Afghan government's desire to continue efforts to reconcile with the Taliban.
After the elder Rabbani's death, Karzai called on Pakistan, where insurgent leaders are said to be based, to bring the Taliban to the negotiating table. The Afghan leader also said peace talks should be led by Afghanistan and that interference from other nations would not be tolerated.
"The peace process can be successful only if Afghans are in the lead," the new peace council chairman said in the statement. "Otherwise, we cannot achieve things, and we cannot gain the trust of the nation."
Members of his council met with a five-member delegation from Hizb-i-Islami and will hold other meetings in coming days with Karzai and his two vice presidents, the president's spokesman Aimal Faizi said Saturday.