"The law takes away zoning from everyone completely - every township, borough, and citizen in Bucks County" and across the state, says Nockamixon Township Supervisor Nancy Alessi.
Alessi joined Schwartz and representatives of several other environmental groups Thursday to voice their displeasure with the law before an informational session conducted by state officials at Palisades High School. About 275 residents packed the cafeteria, with several challenging the speakers with shouts of "What about our property value?" and "What about our water?"
Act 13 was enacted to collect impact fees from drilling companies tapping the vast gas supplies in the Marcellus Shale region. Pennsylvania had been the only major gas-producing state that did not tax natural gas production, and it is projected to collect $175 million this year.
"Towns where there is drilling are thrilled by this windfall - it's like manna from Heaven," Morrisville Borough Councilwoman Nancy Sherlock said in a recent interview. "But the impact on waterways and the environment is long-term and statewide. I have a strong sense they are going to be harmed" by the law.
The law is aimed at "unconventional drilling" in the Marcellus Shale, which lies beneath most of northern and western Pennsylvania. It was never meant to cover drilling outside the Marcellus region, state Rep. Brian Ellis (R., Butler), a cosponsor of the bill that passed along party lines, told the audience.
Ellis backed up four Republican legislators from Bucks County - Sen. Chuck McIlhenny, Sen. Bob Mensch, Rep. Paul Clymer, and Rep. Marguerite Quinn - who said they had been assured the law does not affect Bucks towns.
And McIlhenny pledged to "clarify" the law by the end of the legislative session in June.
"Your ordinances will remain in effect," McIlhenny said.
The law allows drilling within 500 feet of buildings and water wells; within 300 feet of springs, rivers, and wetlands larger than an acre; and within 1,000 feet of sources of public drinking water. Compressor stations can operate in agricultural and industrial districts, and processing plants are allowed in industrial zones.
That's an improvement from the previous law, supporters say.
But it requires towns to allow drilling in all zoning districts, opponents say. And it requires towns to amend their zoning laws within 120 days to comply with Act 13 or lose any impact fees.
Act 13 "makes it impossible for municipal officials to fulfill their obligations and protect the water supplies, the environment, and human health," said Tracy Carluccio, deputy director of the Delaware Riverkeeper Network.
The environmental group and seven municipalities, including Nockamixon and Yardley, challenged the law last month, and a Commonwealth Court judge on Wednesday granted a 120-day halt to the provisions overriding local ordinances.
Senior Judge Keith Quigley said he "is not convinced that petitioners' likelihood of success on the merits is high."
A Commonwealth Court hearing was scheduled today on a request by gas industry representatives to intervene in the lawsuit.
Nockamixon is especially sensitive to the prospect of natural-gas drilling because of a permit request to the state Department of Environmental Protection by Turm Oil.
A ruling on that permit, which was filed under the old law, is expected next week. But the area is under a drilling moratorium by the Delaware River Basin Commission.
Act 13 "was not [enacted] for Turm Oil to come into Nockamixon and drill carte blanche," McIlhenny said.
About 300 gas leases also have been signed in Nockamixon and the neighboring townships of Springfield, Haycock, and Tinicum, primarily in residential zones. Nockamixon's laws restrict drilling to industrial zones.
"Every local government is different, every place is different, and that difference is reflected in their zoning," Nockamixon's Alessi said. "Now that's all gone."
The Pennsylvania State Association of Township Supervisors endorsed the final bill after helping to reach a compromise that retained "most local authority," said assistant executive director Elam Herr.
"The proposal by the governor's office had total preemption of all ordinances, regulations, contracts, and agreements," Herr said in a recent interview. "We [the association] said there shouldn't be total preemption. In land use, townships lost some [control] and retained some."
The law is aimed at unreasonable local ordinances that ban drilling completely, or set requirements that could not be met, or are more restrictive than state standards, Herr said.
"There are ordinances that say the noise level cannot be more than 10 decibels during the day or 5 decibels at night," Herr said. "The normal level is 60 decibels - a cricket makes more than 5 decibels."
Even municipalities that don't have drilling will be eligible to receive a fraction of the impact and permit fees for open space and for other environmental projects, said Andrew Heath, executive director of the Renew Growing Greener Coalition.
"This bill could have passed without money coming back," Heath said.
Another educational forum is scheduled for 7 to 10 p.m. Thursday at Palisades High School, sponsored by the Gallows Run Watershed Association.
Contact Bill Reed at 215-801-2964 or firstname.lastname@example.org, or follow on Twitter @breedbucks. Read
his blog, "BucksInq," at www.philly.com/bucksinq.