Judge blocks city's homeless-feeding crackdown

Free food was distributed at 20th and Vine Streets on Thursday evening, hours after the ruling. That site along the Ben Franklin Parkway has been a major feeding location.
Free food was distributed at 20th and Vine Streets on Thursday evening, hours after the ruling. That site along the Ben Franklin Parkway has been a major feeding location. (STEVEN M. FALK / Staff Photographer)
Posted: July 14, 2012

Saying he found no evidence that feeding hungry and homeless people on the City Hall concourse was better than on the Benjamin Franklin Parkway, a federal judge Thursday blocked enforcement of Mayor Nutter's ban on the distribution of free meals in city parks.

"It seems to me that . . . the parks provide more dignity than the concrete apron outside City Hall," said U.S. District Judge William H. Yohn Jr. "It doesn't strike me that City Hall is an acceptable option."

Yohn said a more comprehensive, written version of his ruling would be filed later. He said he was inclined to leave the injunction blocking the new law in place for a year to give the Nutter administration and homeless advocates time to find a solution.

Nutter's ordinance, which bans public feedings of groups of more than three people in any city park, took effect June 1.

At the time, the mayor announced that as a transition, the city would let religious and homeless services groups distribute food in front of City Hall's north portal. At the end of the one-year transition, Nutter said, all homeless people would be fed from at least four indoor facilities around Center City.

Enforcement of the ordinance has been enjoined since a legal challenge was filed, and groups that have fed homeless people for years along the Parkway between 16th and 20th Streets have continued doing so with impunity.

Members of the four religious groups that fought the ordinance broke into applause after the hearing. All vowed to continue feeding homeless people on the parkway near the Free Library.

"Glory to God," said the Rev. Cranford Coulter, pastor of King's Jubilee, a Souderton-based ministry that has distributed food to the homeless since 1989. King's Jubilee was one of the groups that challenged the feeding ban's constitutionality.

Coulter had enough time to hand a reporter a car-bumper magnet - "Serving the homeless is not a crime" - before rushing to leave the federal courthouse in Center City.

"I've got to get back and get ready," said Coulter, explaining that he planned to come back to 18th and Vine Streets by 8 p.m. Thursday for his group's regular prayer service and distribution of food.

Paul M. Messing, a Center City civil rights lawyer who challenged the ordinance with the Philadelphia chapter of the American Civil Liberties Union, said Yohn's ruling "demonstrated that the city has failed to come up with any good reason to stop religious groups from doing ... what they will continue doing on the Parkway."

Sister Mary Scullion, founder of Project HOME, called the ruling "a ray of hope in very, very difficult and troubling times for those who are poor and homeless."

Scullion had supported Nutter when he announced the ban in March. As a witness for the plaintiffs, Scullion told Yohn she still supports the idea in principle but did not think there were enough facilities to feed the estimated 175 people who live outside along the Parkway, as well as other poor people who are simply hungry.

Nutter said, "Certainly we are disappointed in this."

He added that the city was "committed and not deterred at all in our efforts to address the many challenges people face when they are homeless."

The mayor and City Solicitor Shelley Smith stressed that Yohn's ruling was only temporary until he issues a formal opinion.

Four groups - Chosen 300 Ministries, the Welcome Church, King's Jubilee, and Philly Restart - sued challenging the ordinance.

Nutter administration officials have argued that the public feedings on the Parkway - part of the 9,200-acre Fairmount Park - rob homeless people of dignity, have the potential of spreading food-borne diseases, and degrade the park landscape through overuse, trash and, at times, human waste.

Representatives of the religious groups testified that they had taken the city's free food-sanitation course and follow it in feeding the homeless and cleaning the area before and after the meals.

What they will not compromise on, however, is what they called a God-directed mission to minister to the needs of homeless people where they live - outside on the Parkway.

Their lawsuit contended that the ordinance violated the groups' First Amendment rights of free association and to freely practice religion.

In temporarily enjoining the ban, however, Yohn made no reference to constitutional issues. Instead, he focused on the lack of evidence there was any qualitative difference or advantage to feeding homeless people in front of City Hall compared to the Parkway's green expanse.

Yohn said that in some ways - noise, traffic and obstacles to the disabled - City Hall was worse.

Yohn also said he heard very little evidence of any efforts to persuade the homeless to make use of indoor dining facilities - an option many homeless people are reluctant to choose because of mental illness or other issues.

Coulter said Thursday night that King's Jubilee distributed food on the Parkway for about an hour. The group offered homemade chicken-noodle soup with kidney beans, spaghetti, sandwiches, hard-boiled eggs, oranges, peanuts, and baked goods.

He said the recipients were "thanking us that we pursued it in court, and that we won."


Contact Joseph A. Slobodzian at 215-854-2985, jslobodzian@phillynews.com, or @joeslobo on Twitter.

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