To be sure, Paterno was a magnificent educator. After he was hired in 1966, he introduced a "grand experiment" melding athletics and academics, an idea he had learned during his years as a student-athlete at Brown. As a result, Penn State's football players consistently enjoyed more academic success than other Division I athletes. Hundreds of his former players attest to Paterno's success in transforming egocentric adolescents into selfless young adults who gave something back to society in a variety of fields, including medicine, law, and education itself. These were Paterno's enduring contributions as an educator, which must not be forgotten when history makes its final judgment.
But Paterno had a greater responsibility. We have always looked to educational institutions to develop not only the intellectual and physical abilities of students, but also ethics and good citizenship. Faculty are hired based on their character as well as their competence in specific fields. Thus, there is and should be a higher moral standard for educators.
Paterno failed to uphold that standard when it came to Sandusky. It doesn't matter that his classroom was a football field and his students were young men. He had a responsibility as an educator to protect any young person whose safety was threatened, particularly within his program and on his watch.
By allowing Paterno's statue to remain, Penn State is condoning his and the university's failure to carry out and preserve a basic part of the school's mission: to provide a safe environment for young people to learn and grow as human beings.
Institutional hypocrisy is only part of Penn State's mistake. Another was dedicating a statue to a living person. Such monuments can only create an inflated sense of importance in their honorees, suggesting they are above the rules and policies that the rest of us must obey.
I'm sure Penn State erected the Paterno statue in 2001 to demonstrate its appreciation of all the educational and philanthropic contributions the coach made to the university. But the very existence of the statue signaled Paterno's immortality and validated his behavior not only up to that point in his life, but afterward. It may even have given him license, at least in his own mind, to conceal the scandal.
Until very recently, statues were dedicated only to the dead for good reasons. Living honorees can still act in ways unworthy of such distinctions, and their accomplishments and reputation can't be seen in proper perspective.
Until Paterno's statue comes down, Penn State will continue to worship a false idol and a football culture that remains bigger than the university.
William C. Kashatus is a writer and historian. He can be reached at email@example.com.