Special-effects master and three-time Oscar winner Carlo Rambaldi, 86, died Friday in Italy after a long illness, Italian news media reported.
Mr. Rambaldi was known as the father of E.T. He won visual effects Oscars for Steven Spielberg's 1982 extraterrestrial hit, as well as Ridley Scott's film Alien in 1979, and John Guillermin's King Kong in 1976.
Mr. Rambaldi worked on more than 30 films, but was best known for his work on E.T., for which he created three robots, two costumes worn by actors in the scenes when E.T. walked, and gloves for the hands.
Mr. Rambaldi, a wizard of mechatronics - which combines disciplines including mechanical, electronic, and system design engineering - did not hide a disdain for computerized effects.