The investigations have become an embarrassment for the Army, raising questions about how thoroughly the military has screened senior leaders before putting them in crucial assignments.
The Defense Department's inspector general reviewed 38 cases of alleged wrongdoing by senior officials in 2011, and substantiated the accusations in nearly 40 percent of them, up from 21 percent in 2007.
"It's always concerning when senior leaders have issues, because we have very specific faith in senior leaders," Gen. Ray Odierno, Army chief of staff, said in a recent interview. Odierno said all such cases are taken seriously, but argued that "we can't allow a few to detract from the honorable service of many."
The investigation into Gen. William E. Ward, the former chief of Africa Command, is being closely watched at the Pentagon, where rank-and-file officers wonder aloud whether senior leaders will be reticent to punish one of their own.
A June 26 report, compiled after investigators pored through a trove of e-mails and expense reports, portrays a general using taxpayer funds to support a high-rolling lifestyle.
Lavish spending alleged
The inspector general concluded that Ward used government funds to pay for personal travel expenses; assigned staff to run errands for him and his wife; and accepted meals and Broadway tickets from a defense contractor, in violation of Pentagon rules. The inspector general's report says he wasted and misused tens of thousands of taxpayer dollars. For example, he billed the government $129,000 for an 11-day trip to Atlanta with a team of 13 people, even though he conducted business during only three of the days, the inspector general found.
Ward rejected several of the accusations of wrongdoing in a written response to the inspector general's findings, arguing, for instance, that many of the expenses in question were legitimate. The general declined a request for comment made through the Army's public affairs office.
The inspector general's conclusions on Ward were released two months before the agency issued a report documenting allegations that Lt. Gen. Patrick J. O'Reilly created a toxic atmosphere at the Missile Defense Agency (MDA) by berating staff members. Quoting a witness, the inspector general's report described his style as "management by blowtorch and pliers."
A culture of fear
Staffers at the MDA, the agency tasked with keeping the United States safe from missile attacks, described a culture of fear and low morale, in one case citing as an example a senior staff meeting during which O'Reilly called subordinates "a bunch of goddamned idiots," according to the report.
The report says the general maintains that he "never insulted or verbally abused anyone." O'Reilly remains in charge of the agency, although the Senate is set to vote on a nominee to be his successor. O'Reilly also did not respond to a request for comment.
The case that came to light most recently involved the criminal investigation against Brig. Gen. Jeffrey A. Sinclair, who was removed from his job as the deputy commander of the 82d Airborne Division in May and flown home from Afghanistan.
Officials at Fort Bragg, N.C., released a summary of the criminal charges filed against him last month. They include forcible sodomy, wrongful sexual conduct, engaging in inappropriate relationships, misusing a government charge card, and possessing alcohol and pornography while deployed.
Sinclair will appear before the military equivalent of a grand jury Nov. 5.
Ben Abel, a spokesman at Fort Bragg, said Sinclair's defense team declined a request for comment.