Said U.S. Rep. Rob Andrews (D., N.J.): "The House Republican leadership has failed the people of our state and region . . . It is outrageous that our needs are being pushed aside tonight."
Even some Republicans criticized their own leaders.
U.S. Rep. Peter King (R., N.Y.) called the move "absolutely indefensible."
A spokesman for House Speaker John Boehner confirmed that the speaker decided not to hold the vote on Wednesday.
"The speaker is committed to getting this bill passed this month," Brendan Buck wrote in an e-mail.
Without a House vote by mid-day Thursday, the Sandy bill will have to come up anew in the new session of Congress. It had cleared the Senate earlier this month, overcoming procedural hurdles that will now be placed back in its path.
The federal government has enough money to provide relief for several months, but the aid bill was expected to provide long-term funding.
Some Republicans, however, were skeptical of the cost and said the bill was laden with unnecessary spending. They had previously tried to cut the plan.
Some officials from other parts of the country also spoke up for the bill, including Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi (D., Calif.) and Delaware County Republican Pat Meehan.
"These acts of nature are larger than any individual. We must be larger than that," Meehan said on the House floor.
Contact Jonathan Tamari at firstname.lastname@example.org or follow on Twitter @JonathanTamari. Read his blog 'CapitolInq' at www.philly.com/CapitolInq.