A federal judge in New York ruled in July that the service didn't appear to violate copyright law because individual subscribers were assigned their own tiny antenna at Aereo's Brooklyn data center, making it analogous to the free signal a consumer would get with a regular antenna at home. Aereo spent the subsequent months selecting markets for expansion and renting space for new equipment in those cities.
"The court decision was the green light in our perspective," CEO and founder Chet Kanojia said in a recent interview at Aereo's sparse offices in a former engine factory in Queens. "This is an opportunity of a lifetime to build up something meaningful to change how people access TV."
If the ruling stands, Aereo could pose a threat to Comcast Corp., of Philadelphia, and other pay-TV operators if consumers combine it with an online video-streaming service. Consumers could purchase Aereo and a video service such as Netflix or Amazon's Prime below the cost of traditional pay-TV services, which is about $80 a month.
Aereo also may hinder broadcasters' ability to sell ads, because it's not yet clear how traditional audience measures will incorporate Aereo's viewership. In addition, it could reduce the licensing fees broadcasters collect from cable and satellite companies.
Broadcasters have appealed the July ruling. At a November hearing, appellate judges expressed skepticism about the legality of Aereo's operations. In addition, the original judge's ruling was preliminary, made as part of a decision to let Aereo continue operating while the lawsuits wended their way through court. Even if courts continue to side with Aereo on the legality of its setup, broadcasters still could nitpick on the details and try to argue that the antennas don't actually operate individually as claimed.
Despite Aereo's initial win, copyright lawyer Kevin Goldberg with the firm Fletcher, Heald & Hildreth rated the company's chances "a toss-up. You really are trying to break new ground here."
Inquirer staff writer Bob Fernandez contributed to this article.