And why should he? The president is fresh off a convincing reelection victory and Republicans are soul-searching over their party's future, increasingly reluctant to put up a fight. The GOP leadership already flinched by giving in on the debt ceiling and tax hikes. Obama seems determined to see what else he can get out of them.
At a time when Republicans are insisting on spending cuts, Obama pushed more public spending on universal preschool, construction work on bridges and schools, and a jobs program rebuilding vacant homes in rundown neighborhoods - though without adding "a single dime" to the deficit. He pushed for an increase in the minimum wage to $9 an hour, with future increases tied to the cost of living. And he continued to push in support of left-leaning social issues including gun control, immigration reform, climate change, and advancing equal rights for gays.
These were issues he didn't prioritize in his first term as he grappled with two wars and a recession - and faced a reelection bid in which he needed to campaign for America's middle. But fresh off his convincing victory, unburdened by the prospect of another campaign, he has a rare and fleeting moment to push a second-term agenda that could shape his legacy.
The risk is he will alienate Republicans and accelerate gridlock. But Obama warned that voters won't look kindly on a stalemate.
"The American people don't expect government to solve every problem," he argued. "They don't expect those of us in this chamber to agree on every issue. But they do expect us to put the nation's interests before party."
Obama ridiculed Republican calls for cuts to spending on things like education, job training, and Medicare and Social Security benefits to cut the deficit. "Deficit reduction alone is not an economic plan," Obama said.
"Let's set party interests aside and work to pass a budget that replaces reckless cuts with smart savings and wise investments in our future. And let's do it without the brinkmanship that stresses consumers and scares off investors. The greatest nation on Earth cannot keep conducting its business by drifting from one manufactured crisis to the next," Obama said to a sustained standing ovation from Democrats in the chamber while Republicans sat silent.
For now, Americans are far happier with Obama's leadership than they are with Congress. A recent Associated Press-GfK poll found that 54 percent of registered voters approve of the job Obama is doing, compared with just 17 percent for Congress.
But that isn't preventing Republicans from digging in their heels.
Obama recognized that the divided Congress may not fall in line behind all his priorities, specifically mentioning climate change, but said he'd move forward with or without their support. "If Congress won't act soon to protect future generations, I will," Obama said.
The White House is acutely aware that Obama must act fast if he wants to be a transformational leader. The president has maybe a year before electoral politics tends to accelerate the already nasty gridlock between the White House and Republican lawmakers.
That's because come next year, members of Congress will be focused on their own campaigns for the midterm election.