Schramm added 50 employees in the last year, mostly engineers, to design the new rig and hopes to make up to 10 of the machines a year. It now employs 235 people.
"It creates a whole new business sector for us where we hadn't competed before," said Dave Hartzell, the project manager.
For the natural gas industry, Schramm's entry into the big-rig market is important symbolically. The Marcellus Shale Coalition is under the gun to demonstrate to skeptics that the shale boom has economic benefits outside the rural drilling zones.
"Schramm, and their world-class drilling rigs, is just one of the many shining examples of how businesses across the entire commonwealth, especially in Southeastern Pennsylvania, are capitalizing on natural gas opportunities," said the coaltion's president, Kathryn Klaber.
Schramm, which was founded in 1900 and manufactured air compressors for much of its history, has more than five decades of experience building drill rigs for water wells, geothermal systems, and mineral exploration. About 75 percent of its rigs are exported. A key market is Chile, where its rigs rescued the trapped miners in 2010.
Some Marcellus drillers have been using Schramm's smaller rigs to drill the "top holes" that are done before the big directional rigs arrive to thread the more complex horizontal bores into the gas-bearing formation.
The new Schramm rig, which can lift 250 tons of pipe and drill more than 15,000 feet deep, is like a traveling carnival ride. The platform, control room, and telescopic mast are assembled on the ground and then lifted as a unit on massive hydraulic cylinders 28 feet into the air.
"The speed of mobilization and demobilization is a huge advantage," said Kirk Trosclair, a senior vice president of Alpha Hunter, the company that is buying Rig No. 1.
Schramm's promotional literature says the new rig can walk and talk because the entire assembly, weighing 500,000 pounds, can lift itself about six inches off the ground and move, one foot at a time, in any direction. It can travel about 30 feet in an hour.
The mobility is an advantage in modern gas development when an operator may drill a dozen or more individual horizontal wells from a single location.
The rig "talks" because it includes full satellite communications capability so engineers at headquarters can closely monitor the drilling progress.
The new rig is slightly smaller and less powerful than the giant Texas rigs that look like rocket gantries. Schramm is using the smaller size as its selling strength.
A Texas rig typically requires 20 trucks to haul and requires six workers to operate, but the Schramm rig can be loaded onto fewer trucks and needs only three workers to operate.
The Schramm rig requires fewer workers because the drill pipes are hoisted into place and screwed together automatically, rather than by roughnecks using their hands. It eliminates the need for a pipe rigger to work from a crow's nest 100 feet above the ground, also reducing injuries.
"Everything is hands-free and fully automated," said Fred Slack, Schramm's vice president of business development.
Contact Andrew Maykuth at 215-854-2947, @Maykuth, or firstname.lastname@example.org.