The Federal Reserve's intervention in helping revive the economy after 2008 is unprecedented, says Mark Luschini, chief investment strategist at Janney Montgomery Scott. In addition to its historic interest-rate policy, which has pushed rates down near zero percent in 2008 and held them there since, the Fed is still buying $85 billion worth of Treasury and mortgage-backed bonds every month.
Guy LeBas, Janney's fixed-income strategist, says this week's hearings will set a very prolonged stage for ending Fed-sponsored QE: "It's worth pointing out, however, that the process of slowing is in itself likely to be a very long one."
So far this year, investors have prepared themselves for rising rates and falling bond prices: $16.3 billion has flowed into fixed-income exchange-traded funds designed to have low sensitivity to interest rates, according to Bloomberg data. Some of those funds include the SPDR Blackstone/GSO Senior Loan ETF (symbol: SRLN) and PowerShares Senior Loan ETF (symbol: BKLN).
Christiana Trust's Armiger says his portfolio strategy has not changed much in the last year. The firm is still recommending shares of health-care companies, consumer staples, and industrials like United Technologies (UTX), and does not own Treasuries for its clients.
The federal deficit looks better than it really is, because of the many investors who took capital gains before the new tax rates kicked in. In the meantime, serious discussions about trimming the budget have all but stalled, as Congress takes its habitual nap between fiscal crises.
"There's enough good paper out there that you can do better with municipal bonds or brokerage CDs," Armiger says. His firm likes munis issued by states such as North Carolina, South Dakota, Texas, and Georgia, but not Illinois or California. He's leery of buying munis from Puerto Rico, Guam, or the U.S. Virgin Islands, saying, "Those islands have issues."
Meanwhile, the currency devaluations around the world have him worried.
"Japan has joined us in a race to the bottom. Equity investors seeking silver linings should be careful not to conflate fair value with wishful thinking," Armiger said. "This is a risky time for rosy scenarios."
Japan's devaluation of its yen will ultimately hurt U.S. manufacturers. "We looked at some Fed districts like New York, Philadelphia and Dallas, and they showed contraction in May. The cheap yen makes it more expensive for us to export," Armiger added.
And the purported miniboom in housing may not be sustainable. Institutional buyers - rather than mom-and-pop buyers - represented a large percentage of recent sales, and the Federal Housing Authority and other major players in the mortgage market have already perceived a shift in the Fed's mortgage-backed securities purchasing policy, prompting mortgage rates to rise.
"We get the feeling there's distortion" in the mortgage market, Armiger adds. Mortgage rates are now hovering around 4 percent for a 30-year fixed rate mortgage, up from 3.5 percent in the summer of 2012.
Erin Arvedlund is a finance reporter and a resident of Philadelphia. Contact her at 646-797-0759 or firstname.lastname@example.org.