She noted that Jobs bought an e-book for $14.99 at the launch of Apple's e-book store and told a reporter that day that Amazon's $9.99 price for the same book would be irrelevant because soon all prices will "be the same."
The Manhattan jurist's decision was not surprising, since she had urged Apple to settle before trial and said the company had only a slim chance of winning. Government officials and industry experts have said e-book prices have declined and stabilized since rising after Apple entered the market.
Cote identified five trial witnesses as "noteworthy for their lack of credibility," including Eddy Cue, a top Apple executive described as Jobs' right-hand man.
Apple spokesman Tom Neumayr said the Cupertino, Calif., company will appeal. "Apple did not conspire to fix e-book pricing and we will continue to fight against these false accusations," he said. "We've done nothing wrong."
Assistant Attorney General Bill Baer called the ruling "a victory for millions of consumers who choose to read books electronically." He said the judge agreed with the Justice Department and 33 state attorneys general that executives at the highest levels of Apple orchestrated a conspiracy with five major publishers.
Amazon.com Inc. declined to comment Wednesday. Cote said a damages trial would follow, though none was immediately scheduled.
Publishers that settled previously with the government were Hachette, HarperCollins, Simon & Schuster, Holtzbrinck Publishers doing business as Macmillan, and Penguin Publishing Co. Ltd. doing business as Penguin Group.