This case is a big deal and may help curb some unsavory practices by debt collectors, who generally operate on behalf of an original creditor or buy debt outright. In the latter instance, the debt can be sold multiple times. Often, as the debt becomes older and is sold over and over, there is limited documentation other than the debtor's name, last known address, Social Security number and debt amount.
Every year, the FTC gets more complaints about debt collection than any other industry, Koegel said. Since 2010, the agency has brought 15 debt-collection cases, collecting more than $52 million.
When the recession hit, so much consumer-debt collection was going on that the agency ramped up its efforts to protect consumers, Koegel noted.
The FTC says Expert Global Solutions violated the law when it called consumers at home or at their jobs multiple times per day, even after being asked to stop.
One tactic debt collectors use is to shame people into paying a debt. They call relatives, neighbors, co-workers or even bosses and disclose private details. But the law prohibits debt collectors from sharing a person's debt information with third parties except under limited exceptions, such as contacting an attorney or a co-debtor.
Under the agreement with the FTC, Expert Global Solutions and its subsidiaries can't leave voice mails that reveal the alleged debtor's name or the fact that he may owe a debt. The company also will have to record at least 75 percent of its debt-collection calls beginning one year after the date of the order, and retain the recordings for 90 days.
Expert Global Solutions neither admitted nor denied the allegations. But in responding to the FTC settlement, the firm said in a statement: "We are pleased to have resolved this matter with the Federal Trade Commission and to have this legacy issue, dating back to 2008, behind us. We cooperated fully with the FTC's 2010 investigation and have already implemented systems and procedures to help address their areas of concern."
The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, which also has been focusing on unlawful debt-collection practices, is accepting debt-collection complaints. To submit one, you can go online to consumerfinance.gov/complaint or call toll-free 855-411-2372.
The bureau also is issuing bulletins reminding companies to refrain from committing unfair, deceptive or abusive acts or practices when collecting debt.
Additionally, it has created template letters that consumers can use - filling in their individual information - to help communicate with a debt-collection company. One letter lays out the information a consumer would ask a debt collector to provide to verify and document that there is a valid basis for the company to collect the debt. You can find a link to the letters on the bureau's home page at consumerfinance.gov.
One of the best conditions the FTC got from Expert Global Solutions concerns debt that may not belong to the person who is the subject of the collection effort. Under the proposed settlement - which still requires court approval - whenever a consumer disputes the validity or the amount of a debt, the company must either close the account and end collection efforts or conduct an investigation to verify that the information they have is accurate.
Please don't misinterpret my glee. Companies have a right to pursue debts they are owed. But that right shouldn't result in harassment. People shouldn't be threatened or relentlessly pursued for debt that isn't theirs.