Despite the drop in exports, Driscoll says Blaschak boosted its total sales by 5 percent, to 315,000 tons, in 2013. "We reoriented ourselves," he says. "People in 20 Northeastern states still have some demand for anthracite" in heating stoves. And "it was so cold the first quarter and fourth quarter of last year" that domestic sales rose. More stoves are being installed in traditionalist Amish communities, which Driscoll says "have spread quite a bit" from the Lancaster County heartland.
And it's not just farm stoves: "We've been very aggressively going after the U.S. steel industry" with anthracite as a furnace fuel, an alternative to bituminous-based coke. (Too bad some anthracite-using mills, like Claymont Steel in Delaware, have shut due to low steel prices lately.) "Our anthracite is used in water filters, and in the (chemical) cleanup in the Hudson, and as a chemical reducing agent, and by sugar-beet processors."
Citing data from Resource-Net, a Belgium-based consulting group, Driscoll says Russian anthracite exports topped 14 million metric tons in 2012 and 17 million last year. Ukrainian exports topped six million tons, up 10 percent. North Korea exports hit 16 million tons, up from five million in 2010. China is the major importer, buying 36 million metric tons abroad, eight to 10 times what Europe, Japan, and South Korea each bought.
Blaschak, owned by Radnor-based Milestone Partners since 2010, employs 150 at North Hazleton, Mahanoy City, and Centralia. It's one of a handful of hard-coal producers that have pushed to expand production in recent years. So has Bruce E. Toll's Lehigh Anthracite, the Rich family's Reading Anthracite, and Pagnotti Enterprises farther north.
Driscoll says the companies have been successful boosting domestic consumption, and he says production should rise again next year. Blaschak processing plants have a yearly capacity of 450,000 tons per year.