Draper, Persing, and thousands of others are opting to learn something beyond biology, geometry, and Shakespeare: a trade.
"You've got to keep calm because they can sense it," Persing said of dogs as he worked on Dwight. Persing is a senior from Downingtown East High School who, like many of the 750 students on the Brandywine campus, aspires to both a career and a college degree.
In another corner of the 180,000-square-foot former warehouse, reinvented as a vocational high school two years ago, the gentle hum of dog shears gives way to the blast of a spray-painting machine at the auto-technician shop, where Reggie Stoltzfus, 18, of Coatesville, was painting a car fender. "I love it," he said, removing his protective glasses.
Increasingly, employers are approaching school districts with the goal of developing - and in some cases paying for - highly targeted programs to create qualified applicants for hard-to-fill jobs. In Chester County, the Sikorsky Global Helicopter unit in Coatesville has talked to the Intermediate Unit about launching an aviation-training program.
Joe O'Brien, executive director of the Chester County IU, which has built two CTE campuses since 2008 at a cost of $63.5 million and which plans to replace a third facility with a new building in the next few years, said enrollment had jumped 10 percent in recent years and should continue to rise as the county looks to devise new job-pipeline programs with top local employers such as Sikorsky.
"We had a young man last year who went to 3D Collision - they hired him right out the door for $60,000," O'Brien said. "I know a lot of college graduates would pull their teeth out for $60,000."
Such stories are fueling both a surge in career-training enrollment and a long-overdue overhaul of outdated vocational and tech programs - in the region and nationally. The fast-changing landscape not only is a product of the job market; a 2009 Knight Report found that Philadelphia students in such programs completed high school and attended post-secondary schools in greater numbers than their peers in comprehensive high schools.
Most students spend two to three hours a day for up to three years in career training, although a few schools, such as Bucks County Technical High School, where enrollment is also growing, are self-contained and even offer adult-education classes. The sending district pays the IU $9,784 per student.
In Philadelphia, which has struggled for decades to adjust to the loss of lower-skilled factory jobs, school district officials are working on an overhaul of career-oriented education that would roughly double the number of slots - currently pegged at about 6,000. The plan calls for upgrading the hodgepodge of programs at 34 schools with a more focused approach, beginning with a manufacturing academy at Benjamin Franklin High School funded with help from Phillies' co-owner and philanthropist John Middleton, slated to open next year.
Though the nation has moved toward more advanced manufacturing, "we still need welders and assemblers and electromechanic technicians," said Clyde Hornberger, former executive director of the Lehigh Career & Technical Institute and now a consultant in Philadelphia. "Tastykake said, 'We don't really have bakers in our plant. It's all automated.' But technicians keep that equipment going."
Image is a battle
The job market realities have motivated many students to reroute their educational roadmaps.
"My freshman and sophomore year in high school, I thought I'd want to be an engineer. But sitting there in class wasn't for me," said 18-year-old Nick Way from Souderton High School, who's now studying machinery at the North Montco Technical Career Center. "I wanted to get out there and work."
Today, Way leaves the technical school at midday to work at an apprentice-style job at nearby B&G Manufacturing Co., where he helps make medical parts such as bone screws and vertebrae. "It's really cool," he said.
Michael Lucas, administrative director of the North Montco school, said enrollment in September was expected to be about 15 percent higher than it was five years ago, when the school was in the midst of a renovation.
One of the biggest hurdles is stigma - not among students, but parents, who still believe any diversion from the four-year college degree track is a mark of failure.
"The image is the largest battle. Parents say, 'I'm not sending my kids there. All the druggies go there,' " Lucas said.
Instead, the reality is someone such as 18-year-old Jocelyn Imdurgia, a senior at Bishop Shanahan who attends Brandywine's health career academy for nursing in partnership with Delaware County Community College. She expects to graduate with seven college credits and eventually get a four-year degree.
"I always knew I wanted to be a nurse, and when I found out this school was being built, I was really excited," said Imdurgia, who is learning to take vital signs and document patients' conditions at the Veterans Affairs facility in Coatesville.
Educators say increasingly, the economics of vocational training make sense not only because of the improved likelihood of students actually getting jobs in this market, but because course credits can often shorten the time to earn an associate's or four-year degree.
"A lot of it has to do with their realizing that with a skill in industry it's a lot easier for them to find a decent-paying job," said Seth Schram, principal of the Brandywine campus in Chester County. But he noted that 75 percent of his students go on to some kind of secondary education in a two- or four-year college or trade school.
In the affluent western exurbs, Schram said, district officials are always on the lookout for job needs that appear to be unmet - working on cars, in restaurants, or with pets, for example.
"We looked around and saw there were tons of barbershops out there, and so we opened a barbering program," he said. "There are only two licensed programs in the state, and we have one of them."
BY THE NUMBERS
Percentage increase in students at North Montco Technical Career Center over the last five years.
Percentage increase in students at two Chester County Intermediate Unit CTE schools over the last few years.
Students in 34 Philadelphia CTE schools.