Haddon, who begins work July 1, pledged to make Rutgers-Camden "the best that we have to offer, nationally."
The board voted to set Haddon's base salary at $325,000.
Haddon comes to Rutgers-Camden from the University of Maryland, where she is dean of the law school. She taught for 28 years at Temple University's Beasley School of Law before that.
"Phoebe has been a regional leader in this region for a long time," said Wendell E. Pritchett, the outgoing chancellor of Rutgers University's southernmost campus.
At Tuesday's meeting, Pritchett offered the first public look at a campus strategic plan that will take effect this year. Rutgers-Camden first began a self-evaluation in 2012, Pritchett said, following legislative approval of a statewide higher education restructuring. It is now part of a universitywide plan.
Rutgers-Camden's plan includes increasing undergraduate research opportunities, creating a graduate student culture comparable to that at Rutgers' New Brunswick and Newark campuses, and expanding programs under which students can learn by experience, Pritchett said.
"These are things that we have focused on over the last couple of years, but we have much more work to do," Pritchett said, "with our student orientation and advising, enhancing our services, and making them clearer so that students have a path toward graduation."
Rutgers-Camden has increased its enrollment and opened new programs, such as three doctoral programs, Pritchett said. But although the number of out-of-state and international students has increased, he said, "our bread and butter will remain students from New Jersey, particularly from Southern New Jersey."
Sitting in the front row, Haddon took notes as Pritchett outlined the campus plan, which she will inherit.
"These things are all important; probably the most important thing we can do for our students is provide more financial support," Pritchett said. "We know that the largest reason why students stall in achieving their degree is financial, so figuring out how we can meet those gaps is crucial."
Later in the presentation, he returned to funding. Rutgers-Camden has an annual budget of about $80 million.
"Our students are working-class, most of them are first in their family to go to college, and they desperately need financial support to attend here," he said.
A draft of the strategic plan will be completed over the next few weeks, Pritchett said, and then handed off to Haddon and Robert L. Barchi, Rutgers' president. It will not be made public until the summer or fall.