February 3, 1990 |
HISTORY: Founded in 1912 as the South African Native National Congress, it advocated black representation in Parliament and the elimination of discrimination. The current name was adopted in 1923. Initially, the ANC provided a forum where protests against the white government could be voiced. In 1949, urged on by younger members, it adopted a more militant program of boycotts, strikes and civil disobedience. In 1955, it adopted a Freedom Charter, demanding an end to white-minority rule and outlining a multiracial South Africa.
July 29, 1986
The July 20 editorial on South Africa is insane. Why would you encourage our President to meet with the communist cutthroats of the African National Congress? Is it so Nelson Mandela et. al. can do to South Africa what Idi Amin, Robert Mugabe and Jean-Bedel Bokassa have done to the rest of Africa? Your ideology stinks. Joe Parfitt Sugarloaf, Pa.
October 18, 1993
THE WISDOM OF NOBEL PRIZE-WINNER NELSON MANDELA "If the government should say: 'Gentlemen, we cannot have this state of affairs . . . let's talk,' I would say: 'Yes, let's talk. "' -- Mandela at a 1959 treason trial "We are not anti-white. We are against white supremacy. " -- Mandela at the same trial "Your freedom and mine cannot be separated. I will return. " -- letter smuggled from prison, read to his followers in 1985 "I now consider it necessary in the national interest for the African National Congress and the government to meet urgently to negotiate an effective political settlement.
June 23, 2011
Kader Asmal, 76, a prominent member of South Africa's governing African National Congress who pressed his party to keep its democratic promises, died Wednesday in a Cape Town hospital, the ANC said. No cause of death was given. Mr. Asmal led antiapartheid protests as a high school student in rural eastern South Africa. He later left for Britain and Ireland, where he continued antiapartheid activism and studied and taught law. He returned to South Africa in 1990 and participated in negotiations that ended apartheid.
January 27, 1996 |
On May 9, 1994, Nelson Mandela of the African National Congress was elected president of South Africa. He promised to effect political and economic change. On Jan. 17, 1996, 31 members of the South African Tri-partite Alliance - the African National Congress, the South Africa Communist Party, and the Congress of South Africa Trade Unions - descended on the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania to study America's economic structure and the global economy to help meet that promise.
June 3, 2011 |
JOHANNESBURG, South Africa - Albertina Sisulu lamented what apartheid did to her family, but lived to see her children become leaders in South Africa. The veteran of the anti-apartheid movement died yesterday at the age of 92. Her husband, Walter Sisulu, who died in 2003, spent 25 years in custody on Robben Island alongside Nelson Mandela, whom he had brought into the African national Congress, now South Africa's governing party. Mandela was the best man when Walter and Albertina married in 1944.
June 24, 1993 |
Nelson Mandela and F.W. de Klerk will receive the Liberty Medal from President Clinton at Independence Hall on the afternoon of July 4, but freedom won't stop ringing then, even for the day. Mandela has a second event for the 4th - a rally and fund-raiser for his African National Congress at the Civic Center that night. "We wanted to give everyday working people, who will not be able to interact with him at the earlier event, a chance to hear him speak," said Lana Felton-Ghee, of the Philadelphia Welcome Mandela Committee, which is organizing the event.
November 14, 1994 |
The conviction of three young men in South Africa last week for the killing of Amy Biehl, a white American student who had ventured into a black township, points to a question mark hanging over the future of the country. Politicized youth were once in the vanguard of the struggle against apartheid. But where do they fit into the new South Africa? In a speech last spring, President Nelson Mandela lamented the transformation of what his African National Congress called "young lions.
March 20, 1990 |
Secretary of State James A. Baker 3d suggested yesterday that U.S. tax dollars be used to support the African National Congress and other groups advocating multiracial democracy in South Africa. Such a move would represent a historic first for the United States, which has not previously provided direct support to opposition groups in South Africa. Talking with reporters as he flew to Africa, Baker said that assistance from the U.S.-funded National Endowment for Democracy would be a way of showing the American commitment to end apartheid in South Africa.
October 26, 1992
The excesses of South Africa's security apparatus have long been known - the terror its troopers inflicted on the black townships, the death of prisoners in detention, the cattle prods, whips and water cannon, the torture and assassination. All of it in futile support of the unsupportable, the apartheid system that has fallen formally (if not totally) as President F. W. deKlerk and his one-time prisoner, African National Congress leader Nelson Mandela, struggle to shape a new future.