October 29, 1990 |
As a Pentagon planner, Eugene Carroll Jr. helped decide where the bombs would fall, which foreign cities would survive and which would vanish in a flash of nuclear light. He knew that the missiles aimed at one particular target - he didn't say which one - would kill 600,000 civilians. And Carroll, then a Navy rear admiral, knew something else: that nuclear war wasn't worth the cost. "Everything you fight over you destroy," he said yesterday. "Everyone in the military realizes you can't fight with the weapons.
October 31, 1986 |
If we step back a moment from the instant analysis and punditry following the Reykjavik summit meeting, we can see President Reagan's finest hour or his failure, depending upon your politics, as simply the latest variation in a historic American negotiating pattern in the nuclear age that transcends parties and presidents: It is a tradition that has not served us well. Put bluntly, American presidents have chosen at each crucial stage of the nuclear arms race to forgo cooperation until the United States developed and exploited new weapons technologies that it was believed would give us political advantage over the slower, stolid Soviets.
April 13, 1986
In the Rubik's Cube world of U.S.-Soviet arms-control wrangling, nothing ever seems to click. There's always an interruption - a brushfire war, a change of leadership, a human-rights campaign, profound distrust - derailing agreement. It looked for a moment as if the Soviets' proposed freeze on underground nuclear testing might overcome that. It seemed to have something for everybody. But last week an atomic explosion 1,300 feet below the Nevada desert wrote an end to even that faint hope.
March 15, 1996 |
In the annals of self-inflicted national injuries, there's a prominent place for the federal government's misguided values in spending scarce research money. The latest figures show that $37 billion, or about 53 percent of government research funds, is spent seeking better tools of war, and $12 billion, or 17 percent, on preventing and treating disease. Even less is allocated to basic science, energy, agriculture and environmental tasks. There's something topsy-turvy in these choices, and it's bound to get worse.
October 18, 1987 |
To Flaura Winston, a student at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, there is a certain absurdity about pursuing a medical degree in the nuclear age. "What's the point if we're going to be destroyed in a nuclear war?" Winston said. "We've got to try and do something about it. " On a warm, sunny fall morning yesterday, she and nearly 200 other Philadelphia-area physicians and medical students did just that: They joined in a five-mile run along Kelly Drive to focus more attention on the need to control nuclear arms.
October 2, 1995 |
During 45 years of the Cold War, the United States engaged in a heated arms race with the Soviet Union. Now it appears that America is engaged in an arms race with itself. Incredibly, this race is heating up in a bidding war between a Republican Congress committed under the Contract With America to increase defense spending, and the Clinton administration, determined not to be outdone in its support for increased military readiness. Our present level of military spending virtually equals the combined military spending of all other nations.
November 8, 1987 |
About 300 people gathered in Philadelphia yesterday for the annual meeting of the American Friends Service Committee, where a series of speakers - in the subdued tones of the Quaker movement - denounced American military policy. Vincent Harding, a historian and civil rights activist who was the featured speaker of the event, told the audience that they must speak out more strongly against the arms race if they are to be effective. "I think I might like to write about the need - the absolute need - for the United States of America to become militarily weaker as a positive step to growing spiritually stronger," he said.
June 7, 1987 |
Pope John Paul II issued a new appeal to President Reagan yesterday to seek an end to the arms race and to ease world poverty, lecturing that it is not enough to give "mere lip service" to moral causes. After a 55-minute private meeting with Reagan in the papal library, John Paul recalled that during Reagan's last visit to the Vatican, in 1982, he urged him to pursue "constructive negotiations" to end the arms race and alleviate hunger and misery. "I am confident, Mr. President, that you share my continued concern about these issues," the Pope said in remarks that offered no praise for the President's policies.
May 2, 1986 |
I'm putting away my little American flag, the one I used to stick in my lapel to walk unharmed through revolutions in hostile countries. It won't even get you through a peace march in Canada these days. Ronald Reagan may be the Great Communicator to us, but to a lot of the rest of the world, he is the Great Klutz, more dangerous to world peace than the Rooskies. I kid you not. I spent part of last week in this sparkling port city that bills itself "the Peace Capital of North America.
August 6, 1987 |
On the usually bare stone pillar that marks the entrance to the City Cemetery, a new, hand-painted sign expressed concisely the message of a small band of protesters who came to the cemetery Tuesday evening to sing, pray and mourn. "Paupers' Field," read the sign erected by the demonstrators. "Forgotten in Life. Forgotten in Death. " But the three dozen area peace activists gathered to say that they had not forgotten the poor who are buried in the cemetery at Dunks Ferry and Mechanicsville Roads.