July 22, 2013 |
Dr. Rubby Sherr, 99, a Princeton University physics professor who helped develop the atomic bomb and witnessed its first test, died Monday, July 8, at the Quadrangle, a retirement community in Haverford, where he lived since 1998. The test took place near Alamogordo, N.M., on July 16, 1945. The United States dropped the first atomic bomb in wartime, over Hiroshima, Japan, on Aug. 6, 1945. "His major contribution," son-in-law Robert Hess said, was "the portion of the device positioned at the center of the bomb, designed to spread the nuclear chain reaction rapidly throughout the fissile plutonium material.
August 14, 2011 |
OAK RIDGE, Tenn. - The poster's hush-hush tone said it all: "What you see here, what you do here, what you hear here, when you leave here, let it stay here. " Here in the rolling hills of eastern Tennessee, America built one of three secret cities that developed the atomic bombs dropped on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, leading to Japan's surrender on Aug. 14, 1945, and bringing an end to World War II. The city, now called Oak Ridge, once was home to 75,000 people, yet it did not appear on any map. Visitors could get into the town only through gated entrances.
June 4, 2010 |
JOHANNESBURG, South Africa - Goalkeepers seem to enjoy a new soccer ball about as much as they enjoy defending a penalty kick. A new ball is always too light, too unpredictable, the wrong color, and what was the problem with the old one, anyway? This summer's latest edition - the Jabulani, created by Adidas for the 2010 FIFA World Cup - has recently been called all sorts of bad names by the stars preparing to use it. The most contemptuous review came from Brazilian goalkeeper Julio Cesar, who told the press: "It's terrible, horrible.
May 21, 2008 |
Harrison Ford may be 65, but not to worry - it's clear in "Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull" that his stuntman is only 25. In the first few minutes alone, Indy dodges a thousand bullets, swings from the rafters via his famous rawhide whip, and outruns the shock wave from an atom bomb. The year is 1957, the bomb is a military test in New Mexico, and none of this is by happenstance. Steven Spielberg has come to praise Indiana Jones and also to bury him, and so he positions Indy's swan song in the mid-1950s - the moment when the United States made the pivot from a nation that built its mythology around a heroic past to a nation whose atomic age imagination was fixed on the future.
February 17, 2007 |
Francis E. Low, 85, a Massachusetts Institute of Technology physicist and provost whose life included work on the atomic bomb, a passion for music, and a stint as an Army mule driver, died of heart failure yesterday at the Quadrangle, a retirement community in Haverford. As provost from 1980 to 1985, Dr. Low established a viable role for the humanities at MIT, his daughter Margaret Low Smith said. He encouraged liberal arts courses for the engineering, mathematics and science students, she said, and believed physicists could also be philosophers.
May 27, 2004 |
Rumors are swirling about who will be tapped by week's end as Iraq's interim prime minister. Early this week, the leading candidate was said to be Hussain Shahristani. He's a top nuclear scientist who refused Saddam's order to make an atomic bomb in 1979. He paid for his courage by spending more than a decade in Abu Ghraib prison. I have known Shahristani since 1994 and have been in recent phone and e-mail contact. A man of his unblemished integrity and lack of political ambition just might be able to hold Iraq together until elections in 2004.
February 6, 2004 |
All through World War II, the Allies saw themselves in a desperate race with Nazi Germany to develop the atom bomb, but after the war it was learned that German scientists had not even managed to sustain a nuclear reaction, something the Allies had done as early as 1943. Why was Germany, so advanced in rocket and jet plane technology, so far behind in developing the mightiest weapon of all? That is the question that lies at the heart of Copenhagen, the erudite, eloquent, perceptively human play by Michael Frayn.
December 1, 2002 |
Fly off a tiny dot of an island into the vast darkness of the Pacific in a huge airplane loaded with bombs, find another dot in Japan indicating an oil refinery, drop the bombs on it, and find your way back to that tiny island after a 12- to 14-hour flight. That's what his country demanded of Peter M. Sarraiocco, then 23 and fresh out of two years at Rutgers University. No big deal. That was the kind of challenge thrown at many of his college classmates during World War II. Some men were barely out of high school when they stormed beaches in the Pacific and in North Africa under withering machine-gun and cannon fire.
April 25, 2002 |
The central question in Copenhagen - why did Werner Heisenberg visit Niels Bohr at his home in the Danish city in late September 1941? - is, on the face of it, not one to send people streaming into a theater for an answer. Yet for those who welcome the challenge of a play that demands concentrated attention yet offers no definite answers to this or many other questions - indeed, one whose very premise is that certainty is impossible - Michael Frayn's drama is a stimulating, satisfying theatrical experience.
October 12, 2001 |
UNTIL TUESDAY, ALL was antiseptic in the temper tantrum against terrorism. Based on the cheering at football stadiums and auto races following President Bush's announcement of air strikes in Afghanistan, Americans were successfully fed the illusion that our tantrum would break only the glass and china of the Taliban. An Associated Press story about the American weaponry being used in Afghanistan said, "evidence suggests that the Pentagon's new generation of satellite-guided bombs has succeeded in hitting targets with a high degree of precision.