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Bacteria

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NEWS
August 7, 2007 | By Tom Avril, Inquirer Staff Writer
Chunks of glacier dug up from Antarctica have revealed a startling cargo, Rutgers University scientists announced yesterday: bacteria that had apparently lain dormant in the ice for up to eight million years. Despite their badly degraded DNA, some of the ancient microbes were able to reproduce after being warmed up in a New Brunswick laboratory, and their genetic code has offered a snapshot of the distant past. The team said its findings, published in the online edition of Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, could help tackle a wide range of scientific questions, from the threat of antibiotic-resistant bacteria to the mysteries of life on Mars.
FOOD
February 16, 1986 | Los Angeles Daily News
There's something new to worry about at the dinner table: food poisoning from "super salmonella" bacteria, which some scientists suspect have developed through the practice of mixing antibiotics with animal feed. Low levels of antibiotics have been used routinely since 1950 to fatten animals quickly and protect them from herd diseases. This helps keep meat prices low in this country, while allowing the grower to make a profit. But there might be a hidden price. Some scientists say the practice is leading to the evolution of bacteria that are resistant or immune to antibiotics.
LIVING
June 10, 1996 | By Marie McCullough, INQUIRER STAFF WRITER
Few women are aware that bacteria they commonly harbor in their bodies is the chief cause of life-threatening infection and death in newborns. Or that the devastating infections can be avoided. But that's about to change. Federal authorities last week issued guidelines for screening and treating pregnant women for Group B streptococcus to prevent infection of their babies during delivery. "The infections are so tragic because the pregnancy and delivery can go fine and then, a couple hours after delivery, the babies get very sick," said Anne Schuchat, an epidemiologist at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention who helped develop the guidelines.
NEWS
June 26, 2012 | Sandy Bauers
When Molly Rouse-Terlevich, a Bryn Mawr mother of two, goes to clean the kitchen counter, she reaches for a spray bottle.   In it is a solution of half water, half white vinegar. When she cleans the floor, same stuff. The bathroom, same stuff. She runs vinegar through the dishwasher to reduce the buildup from hard water, and adds it to especially dirty loads of laundry. And she's been at it for several years. "We use it for virtually everything except the cleaning that would require slightly more grit," she said.
NEWS
February 13, 1986 | From Inquirer Wire Services
Monterey County supervisors have temporarily banned a historic experiment that would release a genetically altered frost-fighting bacteria onto a strawberry patch. State regulators promptly threatened to sue the county for overstepping its authority. The emergency ordinance, passed unanimously by the Monterey Board of Supervisors on Tuesday, prohibits for 45 days the testing of any genetically engineered organisms in the open environment. By the time that moratorium expires, the supervisors said, they plan to have ready a permanent zoning ordinance to regulate, and possibly ban, such tests.
NEWS
June 25, 1998 | by Mister Mann Frisby, Daily News Staff Writer
Could your child die after taking a dip in a public pool? Chances of it happening are slim, doctors say, but not impossible considering the deadly and quick way in which the E. coli bacteria works. The key to avoiding a catastrophe like the one in Atlanta is to check the water regularly, according to Louis Jordan, manager of the University City Swim Club on Hanson Street near Locust. "As long as you maintain it and do chlorine readings when you're supposed to, there shouldn't be a problem," he said.
NEWS
August 26, 2015 | By Justine McDaniel and Michaelle Bond, Inquirer Staff Writers
The bacteria that causes Legionnaires' disease were found in the hot-water systems of buildings at West Chester University last week, causing hot water to be shut off to nine buildings over the weekend until the systems were sanitized. It was the second time this summer that the bacteria have been found on the campus. On Monday - the first day of classes - the remediation company hired to handle the problem reported that the systems had been successfully sanitized, a university spokeswoman said.
NEWS
July 21, 1989 | By Douglas A. Campbell and Mike Schurman, Special to The Inquirer
Ocean City yesterday closed all its beaches after a mile-long garbage slick began washing hypodermic needles, medical debris and other trash ashore. Problems with high levels of bacteria continued to plague beaches in three other Cape May County communities - Wildwood, Wildwood Crest and North Wildwood. In Ocean City, Mayor Roy Gillian ordered the city's seven miles of beaches closed at 4:30 p.m. Because of the needles and the medical waste, Gillian said he closed the sand areas as well as the water to avoid a health hazard.
NEWS
April 4, 2015 | By Tom Avril, Inquirer Staff Writer
A nasty, antibiotic-resistant bug struck at least 243 people in the United States during the 10-month period ending in February, including six patients in Philadelphia and 12 elsewhere in Pennsylvania, federal and state health officials said Thursday. Though they rarely die, people infected with Shigella bacteria can suffer bloody diarrhea and intense abdominal pain for up to a week. The best defense is hand-washing, as the microbe is commonly spread when an infected person touches other people or prepares food for them, said Bennett Lorber, professor at the Temple University School of Medicine.
NEWS
September 13, 1997 | By David R. Smith
Without quick and decisive action in the battle against emerging infections, diseases we previously thought were on the verge of extinction may rear their ugly heads and provide us a Jurassic Park nightmare. Anyone familiar with the blockbuster movie knows the plot focused on DNA. Much as dinosaurs reemerged in this movie, we have seen new bacteria strains reappear as serious health concerns. Recent media stories have noted the discoveries of new strains of bubonic plague and staphylococcus with limited responsiveness to antibiotics.
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NEWS
August 26, 2015 | By Justine McDaniel and Michaelle Bond, Inquirer Staff Writers
The bacteria that causes Legionnaires' disease were found in the hot-water systems of buildings at West Chester University last week, causing hot water to be shut off to nine buildings over the weekend until the systems were sanitized. It was the second time this summer that the bacteria have been found on the campus. On Monday - the first day of classes - the remediation company hired to handle the problem reported that the systems had been successfully sanitized, a university spokeswoman said.
NEWS
May 10, 2015 | By Tom Avril, Inquirer Staff Writer
Growing up in an orphanage in Haiti, Thomy Elusme brushed his teeth regularly and never got a cavity. Yet by his teenage years, a few teeth had started to become loose and one eventually fell out. After coming to New Jersey to live with a host family, the soft-spoken 20-year-old had to have a second one pulled. Elusme suffers from a condition all too familiar to periodontist Daniel H. Fine, who examined the young man last month at the Rutgers University School of Dental Medicine in Newark, N.J. For more than 30 years, Fine has been tackling the mystery of why, through no apparent fault of their own, up to 2 percent of black youths have loose teeth.
NEWS
April 4, 2015 | By Tom Avril, Inquirer Staff Writer
A nasty, antibiotic-resistant bug struck at least 243 people in the United States during the 10-month period ending in February, including six patients in Philadelphia and 12 elsewhere in Pennsylvania, federal and state health officials said Thursday. Though they rarely die, people infected with Shigella bacteria can suffer bloody diarrhea and intense abdominal pain for up to a week. The best defense is hand-washing, as the microbe is commonly spread when an infected person touches other people or prepares food for them, said Bennett Lorber, professor at the Temple University School of Medicine.
NEWS
March 6, 2015 | By Tom Avril, Inquirer Staff Writer
A model of endoscope that has been linked to outbreaks of deadly, drug-resistant bacteria at hospitals in Philadelphia, Los Angeles, and elsewhere was on the market for years without clearance, the Food and Drug Administration said Wednesday. The device in question is a hard-to-clean type of duodenoscope marketed since 2010 by Olympus Corp., which has its U.S. headquarters in the Lehigh Valley. Also Wednesday, a second Los Angeles hospital reported that four patients had tested positive for this type of "superbug" bacteria after being treated with a duodenoscope.
NEWS
February 21, 2015 | By Tom Avril, Inquirer Staff Writer
Following outbreaks in Philadelphia, Seattle, and elsewhere, a Los Angeles hospital has been struck by drug-resistant "superbugs" that were linked to a special kind of hard-to-clean endoscope and played a role in two deaths. On Thursday, the Food and Drug Administration issued a safety warning about the complex devices, called duodenoscopes, urging hospitals to take precautions but saying that effective cleaning of certain internal mechanisms "may not be possible. " Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center reported that seven patients had tested positive for the drug-resistant bacteria after undergoing a procedure with one of the $40,000 scopes, and that as many as 179 people had been exposed.
NEWS
February 7, 2015 | By Tom Avril, Inquirer Staff Writer
A Philadelphia hospital was struck last year by an outbreak of drug-resistant bacteria associated with the use of a special kind of hard-to-clean endoscope, according to city data. Eight people examined with the scopes became infected with bacteria resistant to a class of last-resort antibiotics called carbapenems, and two died, the city Department of Public Health said. These "superbug" bacteria have an estimated mortality rate ranging from 25 percent to 50 percent in those infected.
NEWS
January 25, 2015 | By John Stern, M.D., For The Inquirer
The patient, a 60-year-old woman, had been battling rheumatoid arthritis for more than a decade. Most of her large joints had been seriously damaged. Both hips, one knee, and a shoulder had been replaced. She took a wide array of medicines, including steroids, but they had failed to stop the illness from progressing. She lacked the strength and dexterity to open a ketchup bottle, and needed family help to complete even small kitchen tasks. Her doctor recommended that she try a new drug known as a "tumor necrosis factor inhibitor," one of the newer "biologics.
BUSINESS
January 21, 2015 | By Diane Mastrull, Inquirer Staff Writer
Out to help improve the beer-drinking experience, the Philadelphia life-sciences company Invisible Sentinel Inc. has entered into partnerships with four brewing companies for final validation of its Veriflow brewPAL. The technology by the University City start-up claims to be the first to provide same-day detection of pediococcus and lactobacillus, bacteria that attach to grain and can spoil the taste of beer. Last fall, Invisible Sentinel announced a partnership with Victory Brewing Co. in Downingtown to work on validation of Veriflow brewPAL.
BUSINESS
September 10, 2014 | By Diane Mastrull, Inquirer Staff Writer
The list is long of the perfect accompaniments to beer: hot dogs, pizza, peanuts, and pretzels, to name just a few. Most definitely not on that list: pediococcus and lactobacillus. Consider them beer buzzkills. These are types of bacteria that often hitch a ride into breweries aboard grain. If they make their way into the beer itself, they can spoil taste by producing lactic acid, a chemical compound most commonly associated with sore muscles after exertion and first refined in 1780 from sour milk.
BUSINESS
September 8, 2014 | By David Sell, Inquirer Staff Writer
Antibiotics are an odd category of pharmaceuticals, and Austria-based Nabriva Therapeutics is opening a Philadelphia-area office in hopes of finding a niche in that group. Some antibiotics are used only in humans, some only in animals, but some are used in both. Most adults have come to accept antibiotics so readily that the major problem is overuse. And overuse can mean developing resistance to medicine that used to be very effective. That has prompted efforts to control their use. The New York Times reported Wednesday that the chicken producer Perdue will stop giving antibiotics to its hatching chicks because they will eventually be eaten by humans, thereby contributing to the general problem of antibiotic resistance in humans.
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