January 18, 2001 |
Adult-onset diabetes has risen to an epidemic 14.4 million cases in this country, and while scientists know this rise parallels the expanding waistlines of Americans, they could not figure out how carrying extra fat triggered the disease. Now, scientists at the University of Pennsylvania say they have discovered a hormone, resistin, which is released by fat cells and appears to bring on adult-onset, or type II, diabetes, which can lead to kidney failure, heart failure, nerve damage, blindness, and amputation of limbs.
March 1, 2000 |
In a medical advance that could end painful finger pricks for the seven million diabetics who do them every day, researchers have extracted blood sugar right through the skin, without needles. The technique uses ultrasound to open microscopic spaces in the skin through which a tiny bit of fluid can escape. The fluid is then analyzed to determine glucose, or sugar, levels in the blood. The method, which was successfully tested on seven diabetics, is reported in the current issue of the journal Nature Medicine.
November 16, 1998 |
Sherrie Chinn, a 51-year-old Camden woman who learned late in life that she has diabetes, knew she should check her blood sugar every day. But she hated blood. And she didn't experience many symptoms - so it was easy to pretend the disease was not there. "I was very in denial," she said. "I was just like, 'I'll do it later, I'll do it later.' " Now, she does it every day - twice a day even. The difference, for Chinn, was a new computer program that links to her doctor.
October 5, 1998 |
Here she comes, Miss America Nicole Johnson, wearing a charcoal-gray MiniMed 507C on her belt. Or discreetly tucked in the middle of her bra. Or other places. "During the pageant, I wore it on the inside of my thigh," the 24-year-old brunette confided in an interview last week. "I told the judges my worst fear was that this pump would slip down my leg. " We're talking insulin pumps, of course. The coronation last month of Johnson, a.k.a. Miss Virginia, has thrown a spotlight on diabetes.
June 1, 1998 |
Diabetes isn't just about avoiding sugar. It's about needles, pricks and constant monitoring. It's about the long-term effects of extremely high blood-sugar levels: vision problems, kidney disease and amputations. And it's about avoiding extremely low blood-sugar levels that could lead to comas. "It's very difficult, even when they try their hardest, to control their blood glucose," said Jeffrey Joseph, assistant professor of anesthesiology at Jefferson Medical College at Thomas Jefferson University.
October 29, 1997 |
The Zone has been criticized as tough to follow, but you can still reap its benefits, Nancy Steadman writes in the current Redbook, by following these guidelines: First, make sure a 40-30-30 diet is right for you by testing how carbohydrate foods affect you. During the first two weeks, stay completely away from quickly digested carbs - bread, pasta and potatoes. You can gradually reintroduce them into your diet, but in small quantities. Maintain a specific ratio of protein to carbs for each meal - ideally, 3 grams of protein for every 4 of carbohydrates.
August 7, 1997 |
For La'Shaira Cooke, summer is not about lazy afternoons, punctuated by play and Popsicles. Day camp and sports are not allowed. La'Shaira, 9, would like nothing better than to run wild and free in the August heat, anticipating a sweet custard cone to cool off at dusk. But because she suffers from "brittle" diabetes, such simple childhood pleasures are out of bounds. Sweet foods and too much activity can upset the delicate balance of insulin and sugar in her bloodstream, resulting in diabetic shock or other complications that land her in the hospital - or cost her her life.
February 18, 1997 |
Preliminary diagnoses at Children's Hospital of Philadelphia indicate that Esther Elana Poncz died of an aneurysm-like eruption in her brain unrelated to her dental surgery, anesthetic, or her diabetes, her doctor said yesterday. Poncz, 17, of Wynnewood, a senior at Lower Merion High School, died Friday at Children's Hospital after having her wisdom teeth removed. She most likely suffered a condition similar to an aneurysm, in which a weak blood vessel in the brain fills up like a sac with blood over time, then erupts, said her physician, Lester Baker.
July 18, 1996 |
Most children attack summer camp with the unrestrained energy of 10 Olympic athletes, but for the children enrolled in a special YMCA diabetic program in West Philadelphia, moderation best describes their camp experience. "Camp is a lot of fun," said Ashley O'Neill, a talkative 11-year-old diagnosed with diabetes a year ago. "We get to go swimming, and I love swimming. We also play basketball and run track, but if our blood sugar is too high, we can't do anything. We have to rest.
June 11, 1996 |
The fight against diabetes is getting a $150 million shot in the arm: a major nationwide study aimed at prevention among people at risk for the disease. Researchers plan to recruit 4,000 people who have higher-than-normal blood sugar levels but do not yet have diabetes. The study will follow the participants for five years to test three approaches to preventing Type 2 diabetes, which accounts for 90 percent to 95 percent of all diabetes cases and affects about 15 million Americans.