August 5, 2013 |
Cooling the body is the one practice that has been shown to reduce brain injury after resuscitation for cardiac arrest. Yet "therapeutic hypothermia" is rarely used on patients who are already hospitalized when their hearts stop, according to a study led by University of Pennsylvania researchers. Disappointing as that may sound, interpreting the findings is difficult. Outside the hospital, cardiac arrest - complete stoppage of the heart, which can be fatal within minutes - is usually caused by a heart-related problem.
July 6, 2013 |
A man who had just celebrated his 21st birthday was charged with attempted murder in the multiple stabbing of an apparently homeless 71-year-old man outside the Doylestown SEPTA station early Wednesday. Bucks County District Attorney David W. Heckler said Dale Michael Wakefield, who turned 21 Tuesday, was arrested in Baltimore early Thursday. Wakefield was charged with stabbing George Mohr in the head, chest, arms, hands, and back several times and beating him, causing multiple facial fractures and a brain injury.
July 1, 2013
New research from Canada has found that roughly one in five adolescents has probably suffered a traumatic brain injury - a figure that suggests severe concussion in children and adolescents may be far more common than has been estimated. The new study also hints at a troubling link between traumatic brain injury and poorer grades, underage drinking, and use of illicit drugs. In Ontario, 62 percent of students in grades seven through 12 anonymously completed a computerized questionnaire gauging their drug and alcohol consumption.
May 6, 2013 |
While preparing to remove a malignant tumor from the Rev. Michael Prewitt's brain, neurosurgeon Steven Brem of the University of Pennsylvania worried that the surgery could affect his patient's ability to speak or move. As surgeons have for decades, he studied an MRI that showed the tumor in Prewitt's left parietal lobe. But he also examined a type of scan you've probably never heard of: diffusion tensor imaging. It shows bundles of the fibers that transmit messages from parts of the brain to one another and the brain stem.
March 21, 2013 |
A former babysitter was sentenced Tuesday to 10 to 20 years in prison and five years of probation for the December 2011 death of a toddler in her care. Heather Hess, 25, of Upper Chichester, was convicted in January of third-degree murder and involuntary manslaughter for the death of 2 1/2-year-old David Miller Jr. When police responded to Hess' Hewes Avenue residence on a report of a child in respiratory distress, paramedics were trying to treat the boy. According to a criminal complaint, Hess told officers that she had been cooking when she went into the family room and found the boy unconscious.
January 12, 2013 |
Every year, 1.7 million Americans suffer traumatic brain injuries, the result of car accidents, sports, gunshots, and mishaps as seemingly minor as a slip and fall. The rehabilitative path on which many embark was paved in part by Dr. Irwin W. Pollack. A professor of psychiatry and neurology at New Jersey's Robert Wood Johnson Medical School from 1968 to 1998, Dr. Pollack was among the pioneers of an integrated therapy now standard in the field. Where disabilities once were treated piecemeal, he marshaled myriad specialties in a team effort to give head-injury patients if not their old lives back, then new lives.
January 11, 2013 |
DR. IRWIN W. POLLACK gave hope when there seemed to be no hope. A heartbroken parent would come to him and say, "This is my son, but he isn't anybody I know. " A wife would say, "This is my husband, but he's a different person. " These were victims of devastating brain injuries, struck down in accidents, muggings and other trauma. Their injuries often rendered them unable to function. They sat in dark rooms, lost in the underworld of cognitive emptiness. But to Dr. Pollack there was always hope.
January 4, 2013 |
For a problem that has no doubt been around as long as humans have been falling on hard objects and bashing one another's skulls with clubs, brain injuries are still surprisingly mysterious. Scientists, including a cadre at the University of Pennsylvania, are lifting the veil, though, and what they're seeing is already "dramatically" changing American sports, said Douglas Smith, who heads Penn's Center for Brain Injury and Repair. Everyone from parents to pro athletes to military leaders is suddenly paying more attention to "mild" brain injuries, or concussions, and their long-term consequences.
November 25, 2012 |
More than seven months since he was nearly killed by a hit-and-run driver, 17-year-old David Silva lay Wednesday in a hospital bed set up in his family's dining room in Tacony, where a nurse makes sure he doesn't rip out the tube that helps him breathe. He reached his left arm over his head and pulled open his right eyelid, watching as a reporter entered the room. At his mother's instruction, he waved. "I know my son's still there," Dorothy Robbins said. But "with brain injuries, there's really nothing they can tell you. " Though David is making progress, Robbins doesn't know how long it could take her son, who is semiconscious and cannot speak, to recover.