April 17, 1998
The 20th century is easily the bloodiest century on record in terms of concentrated attempts to wipe out large numbers of people. Below is a list of some of this century's most horrible genocides. 1915: Ottoman Turks kill more than 1 million Armenians. 1930s: Josef Stalin orchestrates a campaign that erases 15-20 million people in Russia and Ukraine. 1939-45: Adolf Hitler employs genocide as an adjunct of his war effort, culminating in the "final solution," which leads to the deaths of 6 million Jews and at least 3 million others.
October 18, 2007
When Speaker Nancy Pelosi (D., Calif.) rose to the highest office in the U.S. House of Representatives and the third highest in the land, she was obliged to set priorities that are in the nation's best interest. She can do just that by pulling a very ill-timed resolution from a full House vote. Former backers are running away from it in droves, as they should. The nonbinding resolution would have labeled as genocide the 1915-1923 slaughter of up to 1.5 million Armenians in what is now called Turkey.
July 22, 2004
Let's call it what it is: genocide. The targeting of black ethnic groups in Sudan's Darfur region - fomented by the Sudanese government - is genocide. The fighting started after some rebels in Darfur began fighting government forces. It has gone well beyond a political battle, though. The government of Sudan struck back by arming and supporting Arab nomadic militias known as the Janjaweed. Thousands of civilians have been murdered, raped and displaced by these militias.
August 24, 2007 |
Capt. Brian Steidle, USMC, trained to shoot guns, not pictures. But in the killing fields of Darfur, the American soldier-turned-African Union observer found that a camera was his most effective weapon. During 2004, Steidle photographed the carnage wrought by Sudanese Arab militias, or "Janjaweed" ("devil on horseback"), against the mostly black villagers in the Darfur region. Over 200,000 civilians have been killed and millions more displaced. Steidle accumulated conclusive evidence of genocide.
July 12, 2008
RE MINISTER Meritazon's recent op-ed on reparations: First off, sir, study your history before sticking your hand out for something no one alive today was responsible for that happened 300 years ago. The rich African war lords enslaved their own people, then figured a way to make even more money by selling them to anyone willing to pay. Second, don't you know that men, women and children are still forced into slavery every day in...
November 27, 2002 |
The films of Atom Egoyan are an angular kind of survival guide. He is preoccupied with how people survive the passing of loved ones, how from death they reap meaning in life. In The Sweet Hereafter (1997) and Exotica (1994), Egoyan was less interested in probing the raw wounds of grief than in exploring how the living break through the fog of sorrow. The result: contemplative and lyrical films that make visible the invisible process of healing. It sounds paradoxical, but Ararat, the latest movie from the Canadian director of Armenian descent, is politically Egoyan's most personal film and emotionally his most distant.
July 30, 1998
It is an outrage that the United States is trying to hobble efforts to create an International Criminal Court with power to try cases of genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity. The U.S. obsession is that such a court somehow, some day, might try a U.S. citizen. Forgive our heresy, but if an American did commit genocide, why not? Not many people have been falsely accused of trying to wipe out a race or ethnic group. Or are the people who say things like "Hitler didn't do it" to be taken seriously?
November 5, 1988 |
More than four decades after the horror of the Holocaust, President Reagan yesterday signed legislation making genocide a crime under U.S. law, marking the end of a 40-year struggle to implement a treaty first endorsed by President Harry S. Truman. The measure, which Reagan signed in a ceremony at O'Hare International Airport, adds the United States to a list of 95 countries that have approved the United Nations pact. The treaty makes genocide - the deliberate destruction of a specific population - punishable under U.S. law and sets stern penalties for violators.
December 18, 2011 |
ANKARA, Turkey - Turkey's prime minister on Saturday sharply criticized France for a bill that would make it a crime to deny that the World War I-era mass killing of Armenians was genocide. Saying France should investigate what he claimed was its own "dirty and bloody history" in Algeria and Rwanda, Recep Tayyip Erdogan insisted Turkey would respond "through all kinds of diplomatic means. " Historians estimate that as many as 1.5 million Armenians were killed by Ottoman Turks as their empire collapsed, an event many international experts regard as genocide and that France recognized as such in 2001.
May 17, 1994 |
The genocide in Rwanda began on April 6, when extremist Hutus used the death of President Juvenal Habyarimana as a pretext for slaughtering members of the Tutsi minority. Five weeks and 200,000 lives later, the killing goes on. Governments hesitate to call the horror by its name, for to do so would oblige them to act: Signatories to the Convention for the Prevention of Genocide, including the United States, are legally bound to "prevent and punish" it. Yet whether we call it genocide or not, our government and others must pledge never to aid a regime built on the bodies of 200,000 unarmed civilians.