September 20, 2004
SECRETARY of State Colin Powell has demonstrated personal courage in calling genocide by its name in Darfur, Sudan, by the Sudanese government and its state-sponsored militia, the Janjaweed, against non-Arab Africans. The Bush administration has it in its power to show similar courage by doing something about this tragedy. Don't just call for sanctions on Sudanese goods. That will not end the genocide. Send in our C-130 cargo planes with food, water and, if need be, peacekeeping troops.
November 28, 2004 |
There were no smiles, no blessings at the birth of the light-skinned girl with the ebony eyes and curly black hair. Not a glimpse of joy. For a family still bleeding from war, the baby was like salt on their wounds. "My father didn't speak for the entire day," recalled the baby's mother, Suad Abdalaziz, 28, her voice cracking and her face streaming with tears. "He was not angry at me. He was angry at the Janjaweed and the government for giving me this baby. " In the troubled province of Darfur, pro-government Arab militias called Janjaweed have raped countless black African women in a campaign that the Bush administration has called genocide.
July 1, 2004 |
Secretary of State Colin L. Powell issued a blunt warning yesterday to the Sudanese government, saying it had days to stop atrocities by Arab militias in the Darfur region or it would face punishment by the international community. The United States began circulating a draft of a U.N. resolution to bring an arms embargo and other sanctions against senior leaders of the militias, known as the janjaweed. Those measures could be extended to Sudanese government officials. "The janjaweed must be controlled," Powell told reporters in the Sudanese capital, Khartoum.
July 17, 2004 |
For a man the United States accuses of war crimes, Sheikh Musa Hilal got a surprisingly rousing welcome when he visited the Sudanese hinterland in northern Darfur province this week. Tall and white-turbaned, Hilal stepped off a camouflage-green Sudanese military helicopter and pointed his cane to the heavens before wading through a colorful sea of dancing women and white-robed elders who shouted, "Allahu akbar" - "God is great. " It was only after the Arab Sudanese leader had vanished into the throngs, flanked by armed soldiers and government security agents, that Ibrahim, a short, middle-aged black African from the Fur tribe, felt free to speak his mind.
September 10, 2004 |
Secretary of State Colin L. Powell declared for the first time yesterday that the wave of atrocities in Sudan's Darfur region constituted genocide, a finding the Bush administration hopes will increase world pressure on Sudan's rulers to end the crisis. Powell, speaking to a Senate committee, said Sudan's government was complicit in the brutal campaign of racial eradication carried out by Arab militias known as the Janjaweed against black non-Arabs in Darfur. After reviewing a report by teams of investigators, "we concluded - I concluded - that genocide has been committed in Darfur and that the government of Sudan and the Janjaweed bear responsibility, and that genocide may still be occurring," he told the Senate Foreign Relations Committee.
September 24, 2004 |
Shrapnel holes pock this battered village's green and white mosque. Its black, non-Arab residents practiced Islam for generations, but in the eyes of their Arab attackers, they weren't true Muslims. Islam once was the glue that held things together in Sudan's western Darfur region, but black African Muslims now talk of desecration of mosques, burning of Korans, and murders of religious leaders. Human-rights groups and diplomats say the attacks on black Muslims by pro-government Arab militias called Janjaweed add weight to allegations that genocide is occurring in Darfur.
April 10, 2006 |
The war in Sudan's Darfur region, where more than 200,000 people have been killed in what the Bush administration calls a genocide, is growing deadlier and more complicated. Since the beginning of the year, militias backed by the Sudanese government are crossing over almost daily into neighboring Chad and freely attacking Darfur refugees and Chadian civilians in villages along the lengthy, desolate border. Making matters worse, about 8,000 Chadian rebels have set up camp in Darfur.
August 26, 2004 |
An intensive U.S. government-funded study has confirmed widespread atrocities against Africans in the Darfur region of Sudan, including mass rape and summary executions of male villagers, the study's director and senior Bush administration officials said yesterday. The report does not explicitly address the question of whether genocide is occurring, those familiar with it say. But it increases the pressure on Secretary of State Colin L. Powell as he weighs a determination of genocide.
September 22, 2007 |
Nearly one ton of food, clothing and medical supplies - much of it collected locally, and destined for Darfurian Sudanese living hand-to-mouth as war refugees in Chad - will wing its way to Africa this weekend thanks to the Philadelphia-based Darfur Human Rights Organization of the United States and its supporters. The shipment, valued at about $50,000, according to the group's president, Abdelgabr Adam, includes more than 2,500 pairs of shoes and flip-flops, 400 one-piece outfits for infants, sun hats, soccer balls, and pediatric vitamin supplements to be distributed at the Iridimi refugee camp, home to 40,000 of the estimated 2.5 million Africans displaced by government-affiliated Arab militias.
August 24, 2007 |
Capt. Brian Steidle, USMC, trained to shoot guns, not pictures. But in the killing fields of Darfur, the American soldier-turned-African Union observer found that a camera was his most effective weapon. During 2004, Steidle photographed the carnage wrought by Sudanese Arab militias, or "Janjaweed" ("devil on horseback"), against the mostly black villagers in the Darfur region. Over 200,000 civilians have been killed and millions more displaced. Steidle accumulated conclusive evidence of genocide.