December 2, 1990 |
This Soviet city yesterday began its first broad-scale food rationing since World War II, a move exhausted shoppers actually welcomed after weeks of dwindling food supplies and panic buying had emptied store shelves. In stores throughout the city that survived a 900-day German blockade during the war, shoppers for the first time this fall could buy such staples as flour, rice, butter and eggs without waiting in long lines. "If they can keep stores supplied with these minimal norms of food, rationing will be a very good thing," Tamara Kirillova, 64, said at grocery store No. 72 in the southern part of the city.
July 13, 1989 |
Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gorbachev yesterday engineered the ouster of the Leningrad regional Communist Party chief and strongly hinted that the region's new leadership would be more responsive to political criticism. Yuri F. Solovyev, 63, who had been first party secretary for four years, was relieved of his duties as first party secretary "in connection with his own request and retirement on a pension," the news agency Tass reported. The move came less than four months after Solovyev was rejected by Leningrad voters in historic multicandidate elections to the new Soviet parliament, the Congress of People's Deputies.
June 14, 1991 |
In a stunning rejection of the country's communist present and past, Russian voters have elected populist Boris N. Yeltsin as president and Leningrad residents have voted to give their city back its old name, St. Petersburg. Yeltsin, who ran a strong anti-communist, pro-capitalist campaign, flattened his five opponents and pulled in 60 percent of the votes in Wednesday's race for the presidency of the Russian republic, according to unofficial returns released yesterday. In Leningrad, the birthplace of the 1917 Russian Revolution, 55 percent of the city's voters chose to scrap the city's current name, which honors Vladimir Lenin, founder of the Soviet state.
July 12, 1989 |
Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gorbachev yesterday began an unannounced visit to Leningrad, a city shaken by political turmoil after the defeat of its Communist Party leadership in parliamentary elections and the rise in profile of unofficial activist groups. Gorbachev was believed to be planning to meet today with members of those independent political movements, which would be a first in the process of reform in the Soviet Union. Leningrad, cradle of the 1917 Bolshevik revolution, embodies one of the chief problems facing Gorbachev - public dissatisfaction with the power structure, particularly as it is represented by the local Communist Party leaders.
May 25, 1988 |
Nancy Reagan will make at least one appearance next week in the Soviet Union where she won't have to worry about being upstaged by Raisa Gorbachev. The first lady's press people said yesterday that on Tuesday, while her husband is hunkering down with Mikhail S. Gorbachev, Mrs. Reagan will journey to Leningrad accompanied by the wife of Soviet President Andrei Gromyko. So little is known of the woman that her name wasn't even included on a dispatch from Moscow. "She doesn't seem to speak any English," said a source who has met her. "And judging from her reactions, I think she might be a little deaf.
May 30, 1991 |
LENINGRAD - No, on second thought . . . ST. PETERSBURG - That's better. At least some Russians think so. And so on June 12, in yet another attack on Lenin and the communist system he created, residents here will go to the polls to decide whether they want to wipe the word Leningrad off the map and give the city its original name - St. Petersburg. A vote to yank Lenin's name from the cradle of the Russian Revolution would carry enormous symbolic weight, said Vitali Skoybeda, a Leningrad city council member who sponsored the renaming bill.
April 26, 1992 |
Fifty years ago last winter, Dmitry S. Ivanov, who kept the rice collection at one of the world's biggest seed banks, died of starvation at his post during the siege of Leningrad in World War II. After his death, workmen found several thousand packs of rice that he had preserved. A.G. Stchukin, a specialist in peanuts, died at his desk. Liliya M. Rodina, keeper of the oat collection, and more than half a dozen others also succumbed. They all refused to eat from any of their collections of rice, peas, corn and wheat.
February 12, 1986 |
Accomplishing the release of an Anatoly Shcharansky may require diplomatic negotiations of the highest order, but a brief telephone call early yesterday morning to a house in Pitman, N.J., proved that the best detente may be between two hearts. About 2:30 a.m., Robert Reilley, 21, picked up the phone in his parents' house and heard the ecstatic voice of his Soviet wife, Aina Robertovna Reilley of Leningrad. "She said hello," recalled Reilley, a senior at Glassboro State College.
June 8, 1990 |
Alexander Nevzorov is out to break the Soviet Communist Party monopoly over television. And this sleekly handsome, blue-eyed television muckraker, the Geraldo Rivera of Leningrad, has shown that in these times even this last sacred bastion of party power can be assailed. Nevzorov, whose name has become a household word to his 50 million viewers, dreamed up the idea for 600 Seconds, a nightly, 10-minute news show that uses snappy bites to focus on crime, Communist Party corruption, public service announcements and the failures of 70 years of communist rule.
May 6, 1987 |
"An American Vision: Three Generations of Wyeth Art," on view here through May 31, seems ready to become as big a hit in the Soviet capital as it was in Leningrad. Since opening at the Academy of the Arts on Kropotkinskaya Street on April 24, the exhibition has drawn more than 10,000 visitors and is now averaging close to 2,000 a day. The recent fine weather has helped encourage attendance, and the line to get into the exhibition hall often stretches outside the entrance to the 18th-century building.