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Medical Ethics

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LIVING
September 30, 1996 | By John J. Fried, INQUIRER STAFF WRITER
They injected chemicals into the eyes of children, hoping to find ways to turn brown eyes blue. They sought new sterilization methods by subjecting men's genitals to high doses of radiation. They extracted organs from living women for study under the microscope. Although most Americans associate these sorts of medical atrocities with the infamous Joseph Mengele, scores if not hundreds of other physicians and researchers flocked to serve the Nazis' perverted scientific beliefs. Many were tried and ultimately punished.
NEWS
June 27, 1993 | By Arlene Martin, INQUIRER CORRESPONDENT
Edmund L. Erde of Cherry Hill is probably one of the few people in the country who can use the phrase "philosophically speaking" and mean it. Erde, who teaches medical ethics at the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, and consults at Kennedy Memorial Hospitals, has a bachelor's degree in philosophy from Cornell University, a master's in philosophy from Brooklyn College and a doctorate in philosophy from the University of Texas...
NEWS
April 10, 2003 | By Marie McCullough INQUIRER STAFF WRITER
Bruce Diamond, a Georgia pharmacologist, went from a lavish lifestyle as a respected drug researcher to strip searches, lousy food, sleep deprivation, and menial work as an imprisoned felon. Yesterday, he shared with colleagues the big reason they should not violate medical ethics and laws. "To prevent what happened to me from happening to you," the scientist told the annual meeting of the Association of Clinical Research Professionals, at the Convention Center. The association, with 17,000 members worldwide, aims to promote ethical practices in the testing of experimental drugs and treatments on humans.
NEWS
March 10, 2004
Role in executions violates doctors' oath Re: the article by Robert Moran and Kaitlin Gurney ("N.J. court suspends executions," Feb. 21). Appellate Judge Sylvia B. Pressler's granting a moratorium on executions by lethal injection holds that the New Jersey Department of Corrections does not have sufficient medical expertise to carry out executions by this method. It will never be possible for the department to have executioners of sufficient expertise, because physician participation in executions is a violation of medical ethics.
NEWS
July 7, 2016 | By Stacey Burling, Staff Writer
Anyone who feared that making physician-assisted suicide legal would lead to an onslaught of assisted deaths can relax. A new study led by University of Pennsylvania bioethicist Ezekiel Emanuel finds that only a tiny fraction of the dying want help speeding up the process. However, Emanuel is concerned about the reasons people are choosing to die - horrible pain is sixth on the list - and says doctors remain less supportive of assisted suicide than the general public. He said that the topic requires more study and that states that have legalized it should be keeping much better records of problems that patients encounter.
NEWS
May 27, 2005 | By Julie Stoiber INQUIRER STAFF WRITER
The pastoral transition at one of the city's most venerable black churches, Bright Hope Baptist in North Philadelphia, was thrown into question this week by revelations that the newly named leader does not have the academic credentials attributed to him. Cean James, 31, a charismatic, can-do minister known in the city for his work on behalf of youth, was elected Sunday to succeed former U.S. Rep. William H. Gray 3d as pastor of the 2,500-member congregation....
NEWS
February 28, 2012
By Arthur Caplan Think your doctor is telling you the truth? According to a survey recently published in the journal Health Affairs, he may well not be. The study found that one in 10 doctors has lied to at least one patient in the past year. Twenty percent of the 2,000 doctors surveyed admitted they had not told patients the truth about an error. Ten percent said they had failed to disclose financial conflicts of interest. And 15 percent said they had painted a rosier picture of a patient's prognosis than they knew to be true.
NEWS
March 18, 2012 | By Mark Fazlollah, Inquirer Staff Writer
Arthur Caplan, a nationally known medical ethicist, is leaving Philadelphia to head a new medical ethics division at New York University's Langone Medical Center. Caplan, who has worked at the University of Pennsylvania medical school since 1994, said Saturday he would start work July 1 at NYU. He will serve as director of the new Division of Medical Ethics in the Department of Population Health. "I built what I wanted here," said Caplan, who until January was director of the Center for Bioethics at Penn.
NEWS
January 24, 2016
The United States compares well to six other developed nations on some measures of end-of-life care, such as the percentage of patients who die in the hospital, but we're still on the pricey side, according to the first international comparison of its kind. Ezekiel Emanuel, chair of the department of medical ethics and health policy at the University of Pennsylvania, was senior author of the paper, published Tuesday in the Journal of the American Medical Association. It compared site of death, health-care use, and hospital cost for cancer patients over 65 in Belgium, Canada, England, Germany, the Netherlands, Norway, and the U.S. Among the findings: The U.S. had the lowest proportion of patients die in acute-care hospitals, 22.2 percent.
NEWS
May 8, 1990 | By Daniel LeDuc, Inquirer Trenton Bureau
It is a case that challenges myriad legal precepts and medical ethics - what to do when a doctor has AIDS? From one perspective, disclosure is an incredible violation of a physician's right to keep his medical condition private. From the other perspective, disclosure is necessary to protect the doctor's patients from potential infection. "Can they be reconciled in this case?" Mercer County Superior Court Judge Philip S. Carchman mused yesterday. "Isn't that what this case is all about?"
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NEWS
July 7, 2016 | By Stacey Burling, Staff Writer
Anyone who feared that making physician-assisted suicide legal would lead to an onslaught of assisted deaths can relax. A new study led by University of Pennsylvania bioethicist Ezekiel Emanuel finds that only a tiny fraction of the dying want help speeding up the process. However, Emanuel is concerned about the reasons people are choosing to die - horrible pain is sixth on the list - and says doctors remain less supportive of assisted suicide than the general public. He said that the topic requires more study and that states that have legalized it should be keeping much better records of problems that patients encounter.
NEWS
February 25, 2016 | By Sam Wood and Michele Tranquilli, STAFF WRITERS
Mid-February usually is peak flu season in Pennsylvania and New Jersey, and this year is no exception. State and federal health officials say symptoms are widespread. If you're feeling lousy and regret not getting your flu shot, you're in good company - fewer than half of American adults get their annual vaccine. That's generally not the case for people who work in hospitals, where flu shots are considered especially important to protect medically fragile patients. In the Philadelphia region, where many hospitals have mandated the vaccine, the average topped 86 percent in the 2014-15 flu season, the most recent year for which federal data are available.
NEWS
January 24, 2016
The United States compares well to six other developed nations on some measures of end-of-life care, such as the percentage of patients who die in the hospital, but we're still on the pricey side, according to the first international comparison of its kind. Ezekiel Emanuel, chair of the department of medical ethics and health policy at the University of Pennsylvania, was senior author of the paper, published Tuesday in the Journal of the American Medical Association. It compared site of death, health-care use, and hospital cost for cancer patients over 65 in Belgium, Canada, England, Germany, the Netherlands, Norway, and the U.S. Among the findings: The U.S. had the lowest proportion of patients die in acute-care hospitals, 22.2 percent.
NEWS
September 26, 2014 | By Ronnie Polaneczky, Daily News Columnist
KATHRYN KNOTT'S lawyer insists that his client, one of the Bucks County Three charged in this month's assault of a gay couple, is not homophobic, even though her Twitter account expresses the sentiment that #gay is #ew. What far outnumber those hashtags, though, are Knott's despicable and inappropriate Twitter references to people she appears to have encountered at her job as an emergency-room tech at Lansdale Hospital, where she has worked since...
NEWS
May 29, 2013 | By Walter F. Naedele, Inquirer Staff Writer
Physician Budd B. Axelrod, 86, who maintained a North Philadelphia family medical practice for 50 years, died Tuesday, May 21, of Parkinson's disease at Virtua Voorhees Hospital. Dr. Axelrod resided in the independent-living section of Lions Gate, the retirement community in Voorhees. From 1953 to 2003, Dr. Axelrod ran his office in the 600 block of East Girard Avenue, near what is now the Girard Medical Center, his wife, Jeanette, said in a phone interview. For a time, she said, he was president of the medical staff at St. Mary's Hospital at Frankford Avenue and Palmer Street, which closed in 1988 and is now an apartment complex for low-income seniors.
NEWS
May 8, 2013 | By Cynthia Tucker
Sometimes the absurdities of an official policy or action are so clear that they need not be elucidated. Such is the case with the Obama administration's maintenance of the U.S. detention facility at Guantanamo Bay. Last week, President Obama told reporters that he intends to once again press Congress to close the facility, as he had promised to do in his first campaign. But there is no indication that the president intends to devote any of his remaining political capital to the task - any more than he did during his first term.
SPORTS
February 1, 2013 | BY PAUL DOMOWITCH, Daily News Staff Writer pdomo@aol.com
NEW ORLEANS - The NFL is about to take another significant step toward better in-game diagnosis of concussions. Jeff Pash, the league's general counsel, said at a news conference Thursday the league will have independent neurological consultants on the sideline during games starting next season. This season, the league put a certified trainer up in the booth during games to help with concussion diagnosis. It also installed replay monitors on the sideline for use by team training and medical staffs to review injuries.
NEWS
March 18, 2012 | By Mark Fazlollah, Inquirer Staff Writer
Arthur Caplan, a nationally known medical ethicist, is leaving Philadelphia to head a new medical ethics division at New York University's Langone Medical Center. Caplan, who has worked at the University of Pennsylvania medical school since 1994, said Saturday he would start work July 1 at NYU. He will serve as director of the new Division of Medical Ethics in the Department of Population Health. "I built what I wanted here," said Caplan, who until January was director of the Center for Bioethics at Penn.
NEWS
February 28, 2012
By Arthur Caplan Think your doctor is telling you the truth? According to a survey recently published in the journal Health Affairs, he may well not be. The study found that one in 10 doctors has lied to at least one patient in the past year. Twenty percent of the 2,000 doctors surveyed admitted they had not told patients the truth about an error. Ten percent said they had failed to disclose financial conflicts of interest. And 15 percent said they had painted a rosier picture of a patient's prognosis than they knew to be true.
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