May 28, 2016
By Gino Segrè and Bettina Hoerlin President Obama's visit to Hiroshima Friday will rekindle debate about the dropping of the first atomic bomb. More than a few people will wonder how the decision was reached. "No acceptable alternative" was the pronouncement of four eminent physicists in 1945 that made its way to the desk of Harry Truman. This scientific panel was composed of Enrico Fermi, Arthur Compton, Ernest Lawrence - all Nobel Prize winners - and, of course, J. Robert Oppenheimer.
December 26, 2015
Alfred Gilman, 74, a scientist who won a Nobel Prize for his breakthrough research into the inner workings of cells, and the former dean of the University of Texas Southwestern Medical School in Dallas, has died. A school spokesman said Thursday that Dr. Gilman's death was reported by his family. He had been fighting pancreatic cancer. Dr. Gilman shared a 1994 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with Martin Rodbell of the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences for their discovery of G proteins.
October 19, 2015 |
Anne Case remembers the early critiques from her Ph.D. adviser, Angus Deaton: "Brutal. " "Take this away and come back with something that is more like your talents," Deaton told her. Devastated, she wanted to hide under a desk. But with his prodding, she went on to do some of her best work. After earning her doctorate in economics from Princeton, Case was hired at Harvard. That was 1988. Fast-forward a few years. Case returned to Princeton and became Deaton's colleague - and later, his wife.
October 14, 2015 |
Princeton University's Angus Deaton won the Nobel Prize for economics by bringing his ivory-tower profession down to earth and into homes where people are uplifted - or punished - by social, industrial, trade, and tax policies. The Scotland-born Deaton, 69, earned his degrees at Britain's elite Cambridge University back when it gave students few mandatory courses and lots of discretion to pursue their interests, he told an applauding crowd Monday at Princeton's Woodrow Wilson School of International and Public Affairs hours after learning he had won the prize from the Sweden-based Nobel selection committee that included a Princeton colleague.
October 8, 2015 |
They are among the most numerous particles in the universe, subatomic ghosts silently whizzing through our bodies millions of times a second. And yet physicists were mystified as to why two-thirds of these particles, called neutrinos, seemed to be missing in action. This year's Nobel Prize in physics is going to a pair of scientists from Canada and Japan who discovered what was really happening, the prize committee announced Tuesday. The project led by the Canadian scientist, deep inside a nickel mine near Sudbury, Ontario, got a big assist from the University of Pennsylvania.
October 6, 2015 |
A former Merck & Co. scientist is sharing the Nobel Prize in medicine for helping to discover a treatment for two parasitic diseases that have stricken millions in the developing world. William C. Campbell, 85, who later became a faculty member at Drew University in Madison, N.J., will get the award in Stockholm, Sweden, on Dec. 10 along with Satoshi Omura, a professor emeritus at Kitasato University in Japan. The two each will receive about $240,000 for their success in combating river blindness, caused by a parasite transmitted through the bite of river-dwelling black flies, and elephantiasis, marked by severe swelling and disfigurement of the limbs.
June 4, 2015 |
Irwin A. Rose, 88, an eminent biochemist at Fox Chase Cancer Center who shared the 2004 Nobel Prize in chemistry for codiscovering how cells break down unwanted proteins, died in his sleep ealry Tuesday at his son's home in Deerfield, Mass. The prize was shared with Avram Hershko and Aaron Ciechanover of the Technion-Israel Institute of Technology in Haifa. Their work had a profound impact on the scientific world's understanding of cell division, DNA repair, and immune function. It also led other scientists to develop novel cancer therapies.
July 20, 2014 |
The AIDS community mourned the loss of one of its top researchers and advocates in the jet crash in Ukraine, a "humanist" whose life - and death - reminded some of the death of another leading AIDS scientist, from Philadelphia, in a plane crash 16 years ago. Six delegates to the 20th International AIDS Conference - down from initial reports of 100 - were confirmed to have been on the plane, shot down en route from Amsterdam to Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia....
October 23, 2013 |
Lawrence R. Klein, 93, of Gladwyne, a University of Pennsylvania economics professor who won a Nobel Prize and was considered the father of modern economic forecasting, died Sunday, Oct. 20, of a heart ailment at his home. Dr. Klein, who observed both the Depression and the post-World War II boom, influenced many of the current generation of economic forecasters by developing models in the 1950s and 1960s. Many of the economic forecasts taken as commonplace today - such as the effect of interest rates on economic growth - exist because of Dr. Klein's innovations, say economists.
June 21, 2013
Physicist Kenneth Wilson, 77, who earned a Nobel Prize for pioneering work that changed the way physicists think about phase transitions, has died in Maine, where he retired to enjoy kayaking with his wife. Mr. Wilson, who died Saturday from complications of lymphoma, was in the physics department at Cornell University in Ithaca, N.Y., when he won the Nobel Prize in 1982 for applying his research in quantum physics to phase transitions, the transformation that occurs when a substance goes from, say, liquid to gas. Mr. Wilson created a mathematical tool called the renormalization group that is still widely used in physics.