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Nobel Prize

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NEWS
October 4, 2011 | By Tom Avril, INQUIRER STAFF WRITER
The Nobel Prize in physics goes to three men who upended our view of the heavens by discovering that the universe, rather than continuing to slow down after the Big Bang, is now speeding up as it expands - due to a still-mysterious force that has been dubbed dark energy. One of the three is astrophysicist Saul Perlmutter, 52, a graduate of Germantown Friends School who grew up in West Mt. Airy and now works at the U.S. Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory.
NEWS
October 10, 2012 | By Malcolm Ritter and Karl Ritter, Associated Press
NEW YORK - A Frenchman and an American shared the Nobel Prize in physics Tuesday for inventing methods to peer into the bizarre quantum world of ultratiny particles, work that could help in creating a new generation of superfast computers. Serge Haroche of France and American David Wineland opened the door to new experiments in quantum physics in the 1990s by showing how to observe individual atoms and particles of light called photons while preserving their quantum properties. Quantum physics, a field about a century old, explains a lot about nature but includes some weird-sounding behavior by individual, isolated particles.
NEWS
October 5, 2011 | By Tom Avril, Inquirer Staff Writer
The Nobel Prize in physics goes to three men who upended our view of the heavens by discovering that the universe, rather than continuing to slow down after the Big Bang, is now speeding up as it expands - due to a still-mysterious force that has been dubbed dark energy. One of the three is astrophysicist Saul Perlmutter, 52, a graduate of Germantown Friends School, who grew up in West Mount Airy and now works at the U.S. Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory.
NEWS
March 12, 2012
LOS ANGELES - F. Sherwood Rowland, the Nobel prize-winning chemist who sounded the alarm on the depletion of the Earth's ozone layer, has died. Rowland died Saturday at his home of Parkinson's disease. He was 84. Rowland was among three scientists awarded the 1995 Nobel Prize for chemistry for discovering that a byproduct of aerosol sprays could destroy the earth's atmospheric blanket. - Associated Press
NEWS
May 13, 2013
A Belgian university says biochemist Christian de Duve, 95, who won the Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine in 1974, died in an act of euthanasia May 4. His university, UCL in Louvain-la-Neuve, confirmed it was a case of euthanasia but did not disclose the method. Mr. de Duve shared the Nobel Prize with two other scientists for their work and discoveries on the structural and functional organization of the cell. One month before his death, he made the decision to end his life and granted an interview to the daily Le Soir to be published after his death.
NEWS
May 31, 2012
A story Wednesday on new recipients of the Medal of Freedom misidentified author Toni Morrison's 1993 honor. She was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature. The Inquirer wants its news report to be fair and correct in every respect, and regrets when it is not. If you have a question or comment about news coverage, contact assistant managing editor David Sullivan (215-854-2357) at The Inquirer, Box 8263, Philadelphia 19101, or e-mail dsullivan@phillynews.com .
NEWS
October 25, 2011
Herbert Hauptman, 94, who won the Nobel Prize in chemistry in 1985 for his work uncovering the structure of molecules, has died. He had worked into his 90s at the research institute in Buffalo that now bears his name. He recently had a stroke, a colleague said Monday. Mr. Hauptman received the Nobel Prize nearly 40 years after setting out to solve a problem other scientists had given up on: how to determine molecular structures using X-ray crystallography. He used mathematical equations to interpret the patterns formed by X-rays scattered from crystals.
NEWS
October 4, 2011 | ASSOCIATED PRESS
STOCKHOLM - A pioneering researcher was awarded the Nobel Prize in medicine yesterday, three days after dying of pancreatic cancer without ever knowing he was about to be honored for his immune-system work that he had used to prolong his own life. The Nobel committee said it was unaware that Canadian-born cell biologist Ralph Steinman had died when it awarded the prize to him, American Bruce Beutler and French scientist Jules Hoffmann. Since the committee is supposed to consider only living scientists, the Nobel Foundation held an emergency meeting yesterday and said the decision on the 10 million kronor ($1.5 million)
NEWS
June 3, 2011
Dr. Rosalyn S. Yalow, 89, a medical physicist who persisted in entering a field largely reserved for men to become only the second woman to earn a Nobel Prize in medicine, died Monday in New York City, where she had lived most of her life. Dr. Yalow, a product of New York City schools and the daughter of parents who never finished high school, graduated magna cum laude from Hunter College at age 19 and was its first physics major. Yet she struggled to be accepted for graduate studies.
NEWS
November 8, 2011
Norman Ramsey, 96, who shared the 1989 Nobel Prize in physics for his research into atomic energy levels that led to the creation of the atomic clock and MRI machines, died Friday at a nursing home in Wayland, Mass., his wife, Ellie, said Monday. Mr. Ramsey was an emeritus professor of physics at Harvard University. In his autobiography for the Nobel Prize - which he shared with Hans Dehmelt and Wolfgang Paul - he wrote that he was inspired by failure in molecular beam magnetic resonance experiments in the late 1940s to invent a new technique of measuring the frequency of radiation from atoms using two electromagnetic fields.
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NEWS
June 4, 2015 | By Marie McCullough, Inquirer Staff Writer
Irwin A. Rose, 88, an eminent biochemist at Fox Chase Cancer Center who shared the 2004 Nobel Prize in chemistry for codiscovering how cells break down unwanted proteins, died in his sleep ealry Tuesday at his son's home in Deerfield, Mass. The prize was shared with Avram Hershko and Aaron Ciechanover of the Technion-Israel Institute of Technology in Haifa. Their work had a profound impact on the scientific world's understanding of cell division, DNA repair, and immune function. It also led other scientists to develop novel cancer therapies.
NEWS
July 20, 2014 | By Don Sapatkin, Inquirer Staff Writer
The AIDS community mourned the loss of one of its top researchers and advocates in the jet crash in Ukraine, a "humanist" whose life - and death - reminded some of the death of another leading AIDS scientist, from Philadelphia, in a plane crash 16 years ago. Six delegates to the 20th International AIDS Conference - down from initial reports of 100 - were confirmed to have been on the plane, shot down en route from Amsterdam to Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia....
NEWS
October 23, 2013 | By Bonnie L. Cook and Bob Fernandez, Inquirer Staff Writers
Lawrence R. Klein, 93, of Gladwyne, a University of Pennsylvania economics professor who won a Nobel Prize and was considered the father of modern economic forecasting, died Sunday, Oct. 20, of a heart ailment at his home. Dr. Klein, who observed both the Depression and the post-World War II boom, influenced many of the current generation of economic forecasters by developing models in the 1950s and 1960s. Many of the economic forecasts taken as commonplace today - such as the effect of interest rates on economic growth - exist because of Dr. Klein's innovations, say economists.
NEWS
June 21, 2013
Physicist Kenneth Wilson, 77, who earned a Nobel Prize for pioneering work that changed the way physicists think about phase transitions, has died in Maine, where he retired to enjoy kayaking with his wife. Mr. Wilson, who died Saturday from complications of lymphoma, was in the physics department at Cornell University in Ithaca, N.Y., when he won the Nobel Prize in 1982 for applying his research in quantum physics to phase transitions, the transformation that occurs when a substance goes from, say, liquid to gas. Mr. Wilson created a mathematical tool called the renormalization group that is still widely used in physics.
NEWS
June 15, 2013
Robert W. Fogel, 86, a University of Chicago economist whose study of the economics of slavery sparked a furious debate in academia and later helped win him a Nobel Prize, died Tuesday. The university announced Mr. Fogel's death; his family said he died after a brief illness. Mr. Fogel wrote 22 books, the last published in April, and, according to the school, was an active faculty member in the Department of Economics and the Booth School of Business who was working on three more books at the time of his death.
NEWS
May 13, 2013
A Belgian university says biochemist Christian de Duve, 95, who won the Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine in 1974, died in an act of euthanasia May 4. His university, UCL in Louvain-la-Neuve, confirmed it was a case of euthanasia but did not disclose the method. Mr. de Duve shared the Nobel Prize with two other scientists for their work and discoveries on the structural and functional organization of the cell. One month before his death, he made the decision to end his life and granted an interview to the daily Le Soir to be published after his death.
NEWS
January 10, 2013
James M. Buchanan, 93, who won the 1986 Nobel Prize for applying the principles of economic self-interest to understand why politicians do what they do, died Wednesday in Blacksburg, Va. No cause of death was given. Mr. Buchanan, a professor emeritus at George Mason University, was a pioneer in the field known as public-choice theory, which views government decisions through the personal interests of the bureaucrats and elected leaders who want to advance in their careers and win campaigns.
NEWS
December 31, 2012 | ASSOCIATED PRESS
ROME - Rita Levi-Montalcini, a biologist who conducted underground research in defiance of Fascist persecution and went on to win a Nobel Prize for helping unlock the mysteries of the cell, died at her home in Rome on Sunday. She was 103 and had worked well into her final years. Italy's so-called "Lady of the Cells," a Jew who lived through anti-Semitic discrimination and the Nazi invasion, became one of her country's leading scientists and shared the Nobel medicine prize in 1986 with American biochemist Stanley Cohen for their groundbreaking research carried out in the United States.
NEWS
December 3, 2012
Clinton begins tour of Europe WASHINGTON - Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton is heading to Europe to discuss Turkey's defense and U.S. relations with Pakistan. Her first stop will be the Czech Republic for talks on energy policy in a country heavily dependent on Russian fuel. She is to join NATO foreign ministers in Brussels to discuss Turkey's request for Patriot missile assistance. Violence in neighboring Syria, which is believed to have several hundred ballistic surface-to-surface missiles capable of carrying chemical warheads, is a particular concern for Turkey, a NATO member.
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